UN calls on Sudan to speed up peace deal

UNITED NATIONS (PA) – The UN Security Council on Thursday urged the Sudanese government to quickly form a Transitional Legislative Council and to implement security measures and other provisions of the peace accord. October.

He said this was necessary for the Sudanese people to have “a peaceful, stable, democratic and prosperous future”.

A resolution passed unanimously by the council also urged the signatories of the peace agreement to address the root causes of the conflict in the vast region of West Darfur and in two other regions, the Blue Nile and southern Kordofan. He called on rebel groups in Darfur who have forces in neighboring countries to continue to withdraw them.

The Darfur conflict began in 2003 when ethnic Africans rebelled, accusing the Arab-dominated Sudanese government of discrimination. The government in Khartoum has been accused of retaliating by arming local nomadic Arab tribes and unleashing them on civilian populations – a charge it denies.

A joint UN-African Union force in Darfur was created in 2007 but abolished by the Security Council on December 31. The force has been replaced by a much smaller and purely political mission, whose mandate was extended by the resolution approved Thursday until June 3. 2022.

The Sudanese army ousted autocratic President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019 following mass pro-democracy protests, and a transitional military-civilian government has ruled African nations since then. The country is now on a fragile path to democracy, and on February 10 a new cabinet was sworn in that includes rebel ministers as part of the power-sharing deal between the transitional authorities and a rebel alliance made in Juba on October 3.

The Security Council welcomed the signing on March 28 by the government and Sudan’s largest rebel group, the North Sudan Liberation Movement, of a declaration of principles detailing a roadmap for the talks. He urged the two parties “to engage constructively to quickly finalize a comprehensive and inclusive peace agreement.” A new round of talks began on May 26.

The Security Council urged armed groups that have not engaged in peace negotiations “to do so immediately, constructively and without preconditions.” One of the main rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Army in the turbulent Darfur region, rejects the transitional government and has refused to take part in the talks.

The council acknowledged the improvement in security conditions in some areas of Darfur, but expressed concern that the security situation in other areas “has deteriorated due to the increase in inter-community violence ”. He stressed the need to “intensify efforts to consolidate peace in Darfur, avoid a resumption of conflict” and mitigate the risks to civilians posed by inter-communal violence, the misuse of small arms and light weapons. violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.

The resolution underscored the need for the government to ensure accountability for these violations, including conflict-related sexual violence and “grave violations against children”.

He called on the government to speed up the establishment of the Transitional Legislative Council and to respect the 40% quota for women’s participation. He welcomed the adoption, on April 24, of the bills approving a Peace Commission and a Transitional Justice Commission and called on the government to put them in place quickly so that they can start to operate.

Security Council ordered UN mission over the next year to prioritize support for ceasefire monitoring in Darfur and implementation of the government’s protection of civilians plan which includes local conflict prevention, reconciliation efforts, disarmament and the reduction of inter-communal violence.

He said the mission should also prioritize supporting negotiations between the government and armed groups, drafting a new constitution, judicial reforms and implementing the power-sharing provisions of the accord. peace, in particular by facilitating the participation of civil society, women, youth, displaced persons, refugees and members of marginalized communities.

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