The United Nations:
India abstained on a U.N. General Assembly resolution on Myanmar, saying its views were not reflected in the draft and that New Delhi does not believe the hastily tabled resolution , or conducive to âcontributing to our joint efforts to strengthen the democratic processâ in the country.
The United Nations General Assembly on Friday adopted the draft resolution “The situation in Myanmar” with 119 member states voting in favor, including Myanmar while 36 countries abstained, including Myanmar’s neighbors – India, Bangladesh , Bhutan, China, Laos, Nepal and Thailand. Russia also abstained.
Belarus was the only country to vote against.
“This resolution was hastily tabled in the United Nations General Assembly without adequate consultations with neighbors and countries in the region. This is not only unnecessary, but may also prove counterproductive to the efforts. of ASEAN to find a solution to the current situation in Myanmar, “India’s Permanent Representative to United Nations Ambassador TS Tirumurti told PTI.
In explaining the vote in the General Assembly Hall, Tirumurti said that as Myanmar’s immediate neighbor and close friend of its people, India is aware of “the severe impact of political instability. “and the potential for its spillover beyond Myanmar’s borders.
India called for greater engagement to resolve all issues peacefully.
– India at the UN, NY (@IndiaUNNewYork) June 18, 2021
“We already have such an initiative underway under the umbrella of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). It is important that we support the efforts of ASEAN,” Tirumurti said. .
“During the discussions on this resolution, we engaged in a spirit of finding a constructive and pragmatic way forward and therefore shared our suggestions with those who piloted this resolution,” he said.
“However, we note that our views have not been reflected in the draft which is currently being considered for adoption. We would like to reiterate that a consultative and constructive approach involving neighboring countries and the region remains important as the international community is striving to achieve a peaceful resolution of the problem, “Tirumurti said.
He stressed that the lack of support from all neighboring countries as well as from several countries in the region itself “should hopefully open the eyes of those who have chosen to take a hasty course of action.”
“We therefore do not believe that tabling this resolution for adoption at this stage is likely to support our joint efforts to strengthen the democratic process in Myanmar. We are therefore forced to abstain,” Tirumurti said.
The resolution expressed “grave concern” over the February 1 coup and called on Myanmar’s military junta to immediately and unconditionally release President Win Myint, State Councilor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government officials. , politicians and people arbitrarily detained or arrested.
He also called on âall member states to prevent the influx of arms into Myanmarâ.
The resolution called on the Myanmar armed forces to end the state of emergency and to respect all human rights of all residents of the country.
He also called on Myanmar to enable a sustained democratic transition, “including opening a democratically elected parliament and working to ensure that all national institutions, including the armed forces, are placed under a fully inclusive civilian government and representative of the will of the people. . “
He expressed concern about the human rights situation of persons belonging to ethnic, religious and other minorities in Myanmar, âincluding the Rohingya Muslim minority, in particular with regard to the violations committed against them and their related rights. to citizenship status â.
Mr. Tirumurti said that as Myanmar’s neighbor, India has vested interests in maintaining peace and stability in the country and welcomes the ASEAN initiative on Myanmar and the âFive-point consensusâ.
“Our diplomatic commitments will aim to strengthen these efforts. We also call for respect for the rule of law and the release of the detained leaders,” he said.
Tirumurti also noted that the Security Council has expressed its strong support for the positive and constructive role of ASEAN in facilitating a peaceful solution for the people of Myanmar.
The ASEAN Five-Point Consensus states that there must be an immediate end to violence in Myanmar and that all parties must exercise utmost restraint and that a constructive dialogue between all parties concerned must begin to seek a peaceful solution in the interest of the people.
He also indicated that a special envoy of the ASEAN President will facilitate the mediation of the dialogue process, with the assistance of the ASEAN Secretary General.
ASEAN will provide humanitarian assistance through the ASEAN Coordination Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (ASEAN) and the Special Envoy and the delegation will travel to Myanmar to meet with all parties. concerned, he said.
Stressing that India’s position on the situation in Myanmar has been “clear and consistent,” Tirumurti said New Delhi expressed deep concern over developments in Myanmar and strongly condemned the use of violence and urged the greater restraint.
“We are convinced that the path to democracy in Myanmar must continue to advance through the democratic transition process, which India has always supported,” Tirumurti said.
“There can be no turning back. India will continue to take measures to accelerate and support the democratic transition in Myanmar so that the hopes and aspirations of the people of Myanmar are fully respected and fulfilled,” he said. he declares.
On the issue of repatriation of displaced people from Rakhine State, he said India has the greatest interest in resolving this issue as soon as possible as it is the only country that shares a long border with Bangladesh and Myanmar.
âWe have continued to advise our partners on the need for a balanced and constructive approach to this issue. Our support was given to the people on the ground, in Cox’s Bazar and in Rakhine State, âhe said.
He said it was important to accelerate efforts for the safe, speedy and sustainable repatriation of those currently displaced in Bangladesh to Rakhine State in Myanmar.
“We call on both sides to actively engage on this point,” Tirumurti said.
India also commended Bangladesh for hosting one million internally displaced people.