Ethnic Adoption – Brain Ethics Wed, 22 Jun 2022 18:59:26 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Ethnic Adoption – Brain Ethics 32 32 5 Potential Pitfalls for NIL Collectives to Avoid in College Sports | Fisher Phillips Wed, 22 Jun 2022 17:52:16 +0000

Nearly a year has passed since the NCAA’s unprecedented adoption of its interim policy removing longstanding restrictions on student-athletes who wish to cash in on their name, image and likeness (NIL). Since then, countless sponsorship, marketing and other financial opportunities for student-athletes – at all levels of college sport – have sprung up, causing a sea change in the arms race in athletics. college. Although NIL rules specifically prohibit offering offers to recruits as an inducement, commonly referred to as “pay to play,” the amount of money an athlete can earn by attending a particular school has become a powerful recruiting tool that will continue to grow in importance as more and more lucrative offers for top athletes are announced. As such, the changing landscape has led wealthy fans and former athletes to organize businesses, also known as “collectives”, to raise funds and provide financial opportunities for student-athletes with the aim of incentivizing athletes to attend their school. While these collectives may benefit the student-athletes and the schools they are meant to benefit, they also risk violating new NIL laws and university rules and regulations. What are the five potential risks collectives should consider?

  1. Joint liability of the employer

    Under the NCAA’s interim policy, student-athletes are allowed to sign sponsorship deals and profit from third-party marketing and advertising campaigns. As such, collectives typically partner with local or national businesses to provide opportunities for student-athletes, which can potentially subject a collective to liability as a joint employer. Co-employers must comply with various federal, state and local labor and employment laws regarding persons considered to be jointly employed by them. Additionally, while the implications of being a joint employer vary by law and jurisdiction, they can include:

    • Grouping of direct and joint employees for the purpose of determining coverage threshold issues under laws such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 or the Americans with Disabilities Act.
    • Substantial liability as an employer under federal, state and local labor and employment laws, including liability for unfair labor practice accusations or workers’ compensation claims.
    • In certain circumstances, joint and several liability for wrongful acts against joint employees by the primary or secondary employer.
  2. Contractual liability

    Although student-athletes may benefit from collective assistance in obtaining financial opportunities, payments to the athlete will generally come from the third-party company using the athlete’s NIL to promote their product or service. Therefore, if an Athlete is not paid properly, the Athlete could attempt to recover from both the Collective and the Company. This could expose the Collective not only to monetary damages, but also to damage to its reputation regarding its ability to secure financial opportunities for athletes.

  3. Article 1981 Liability

    Section 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and ethnic origin in the formation and performance of contracts. However, when paying student-athletes based on NIL, not all contracts are created equally. Specifically, for most collectives, contracts vary depending on the specific athlete and the services provided by the athlete under a given contract (for example, an athlete showing up in person at a marketing event with fans would earn more than an athlete who just posts on social media). In addition, top athletes may receive higher compensation than lesser-known athletes. These differences in athletes’ earning potential could lead to claims of discrimination under Section 1981.

  4. Whistleblower claims

    In the world of college sports, the sad truth is that not everyone operates in accordance with applicable state laws, rules, and regulations. Additionally, NIL laws are relatively new and there could be confusion as to whether certain practices are legal. Collectives should be aware that employees are likely to be engaging in protected activity if they object or refuse to participate in any activity, policy or practice of the Collective that the employee believes violates any law, a rule or regulation. Therefore, collectives should be wary of potential whistleblower claims that may arise from their business relationship with student-athletes and relatively unknown aspects of the structuring of NIL agreements.

  5. Legal developments relating to NIL

    The NCAA intends to keep the interim policy in place until Congress enacts federal NIL legislation or the NCAA adopts new rules. However, since its passage and the uncertainty associated with the policy, the state of college athletics and student-athlete compensation has often been compared to the Wild West. As a result, on May 9, 2022, a task force of athletic directors and conference commissioners released the NCAA’s Interim Name, Image and Likeness Policy Guidance Regarding Third-Party Involvement (NIL Policy Guidance ). Among other things, the NIL Policy Guidance clarifies, in the context of the NIL Collectives, the NCAA’s rules regarding “booster” participation in player recruitment and reinforces the NCAA’s ban on pay-to-play. The NCAA also said NIL policy guidelines can be applied retroactively to punish individuals or entities who violate NCAA rules, whether those violations occurred before or after May 9, 2022. There are also reporting requirements. important for students. athlete compensation that must be adhered to, in addition to possible future IRS rulings that may affect the nonprofit collectives’ 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status.

Advice to collectives to minimize the risks

  • Assess the risk of being considered as a co-employer. Joint employer status differs by law and jurisdiction, but analysis tends to focus on the degree of control over the terms of employment. Therefore, if possible, collectives should try to avoid things like directly supervising athletes when they perform services, assigning specific work to athletes, providing equipment to athletes, conducting reviews or performance evaluations or provide training.
  • Structuring contracts with student-athletes to limit liability. Collectives may want to structure their contracts so that all parties understand that the collective is simply an entity to transfer the funds to pay an athlete and to reflect the agreement of the parties that in the event of non-payment of monies due , the Athlete must seek recourse from the first payer. Additionally, collectives should consider classifying athletes as independent contractors, where applicable, and including morality clauses in their contracts.
  • Beware of protected concerted activities. The National Labor Relations Act expressly prohibits employers from intervening in protected concerted activities (CPAs). PCAs can range from two people simply discussing working conditions to a full-scale (legal) strike. Therefore, collectives must be aware of all activities in which the student-athletes with whom they have contracted participate and ensure that they do not engage in conduct that could be considered interference.
  • Ensure VOID offers are based on an athlete’s fair market value. Ensuring that all student-athletes are paid in accordance with their fair market value can avoid potential claims of discrimination. To do this, some collectives use market price platforms or other similar tools to help determine an athlete’s fair market value. Collectives may want to document legitimate business reasons for compensation differences and also ensure that they have consistent compensation practices based on legitimate business reasons.
  • Stay informed of legal developments relating to NIL. Collectives must be willing and able to adapt to changes in the law. Given the current instability and swings in collegiate athlete compensation, it’s only a matter of time before Congress steps in with federal NIL legislation or the NCAA adopts new rules. In the meantime, collectives must continue to follow any rules or guidelines provided by the NCAA or state legislatures, including assisting student-athletes with reporting requirements for any compensation they receive.


Under the NCAA’s interim policy, more student-athletes are receiving offers for their NIL from collectives, with some offers approaching eight figures. With so much money at stake, it is inevitable that future regulation, whether by the NCAA or Congress, will follow.

👨🏿‍🚀 TechCabal Daily – Uber cares Tue, 21 Jun 2022 05:30:07 +0000


Uber is accelerating the features its Kenyan drivers can access.

The global ridesharing company will introduce new app features for drivers. One will allow Uber drivers to choose a route or neighborhood where they want to operate, and another will allow passengers to use the Nairobi Expressway. According to Uber’s head of East Africa, Imran Manji, the features will be tested within a month.

What’s so cool about these updates?

Uber drivers can choose a route or neighborhood where they want to operate is certainly good news. This feature provides more flexibility for people working on other tasks when driving routes they are more familiar with.

This feature is another way Uber is making driving safer for its African drivers. In South Africa, it recently organized training for its drivers in South Africa in partnership with the South African police. Some of them had been harassed and beaten by their passengers. With this feature, Kenyan drivers can choose not to operate in areas where they feel unsafe.

The other feature gives passengers the opportunity to use the Nairobi Expressway instead of being stuck in heavy traffic along the road that connects Mlolongo to the Nairobi-Nakuru Expressway. If a passenger chooses to use the toll road, the resulting toll charges will be passed on to passengers and reflected in their fares. Currently, motorists pay between Ksh121 ($1.04) and Ksh1,823 ($15.55) to use the toll road. It’s a fair price to pay for faster travel to and from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), isn’t it?

The features that have been announced so far appear to be a game-changer for everyone involved – Uber drivers, Uber passengers and Uber who could deal a big blow to its competitors in the country if adoption boosts sales, like intended.

Innovation is always a great way to gain a competitive advantage. Will this human-centric business approach change the perception drivers have of Uber and cause them to drop the case against the ride-sharing company in court?



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The Ethiopian Ministry of Health, Mastercard, Gavi and John Snow, Inc (JSI) have partnered to implement Mastercard Wellness Pass in Ethiopia. The aim is to increase access to essential health care and ensure that it is delivered effectively and efficiently in the most marginalized communities.

What is a Wellness Pass?

The Mastercard Wellness Pass is an offline portable health credential launched by Mastercard. It was designed to digitize immunization records and bring efficiency to the deployment of the COVID-19 vaccine in marginalized communities. The cards ensure that, regardless of connectivity, vaccination records are available at all times at participating health facilities to verify vaccinations and adherence to vaccination cycles.

In Ethiopia, their use will be extended to ensure digitization of patient medical data to ensure overall continuity of care

How it works?

The card is issued to patients by participating health facilities when they receive their first vaccine or health service. It will be used for health care tracking and offline portability of health records.

The first phase of the Wellness Pass technology implementation will focus on tracking COVID-19 vaccination. Deployed in health facilities across the country, including in urban and rural areas, the solution will be tested over a period of 15 months.

If successful, the use of the Wellness Pass will be extended to several healthcare programs to be determined in partnership with the Department of Health.

This initiative of the Ministry of Health is part of the information revolution program, a component of the health sector transformation plan which aims to improve the availability, accessibility, affordability and quality of health care. primary sources, thereby improving the health and well-being of the population. Ethiopian population.

A turbulent horn

This nascent transformation is taking place amid a political storm raging in the Horn of Africa region. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has executed a military operation against the rebel rulers of Tigray. He said it would be a quick and bloodless victory, but it has dragged on since 2020. Guerrilla wars, ethnic violence, inflation and a strained relationship with the United States put thousands of civilians at risk, including children in rural and mountainous areas. Road access to places like Tigray has been blocked.

Will these citizens be excluded from the Mastercard Wellness Pass and, therefore, from the country’s information revolution agenda?




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Last week, the European Union announced a new “strengthened” anti-disinformation code to tackle fake accounts and fake news.

The new Disinformation Code of Practice is an update of the 2018 EU Disinformation Code of Practice, and unlike its predecessor, the new Code will be enforceable by the new Digital Services Act (DSA ) which was enacted in April 2022 and prescribes fines of up to 6% of a company’s annual turnover for non-compliance.

If you’re wondering why they’re updating the Code, it’s because of the rampant spread of misinformation during the pandemic where most social platforms allowed users to post misleading and harmful information about COVID and the vaccine. .

What is the update on this new code?

The new Code includes 44 commitments aimed at curbing disinformation. Operators of online platforms such as Facebook and Twitter will have to respect these commitments. These include commitments to create searchable libraries for political ads, to demonetize fake news sites by removing their ad revenue, and to give researchers “better and broader access to platform data.”

Who registered?

Almost every major player in the social media space. Meta, Microsoft, Google, Twitter, Twitch and TikTok have all agreed to adhere to the new Code, as some of them are already practicing what it contains.

Apple and Telegram, however, have yet to respond.




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Will Palin return to DC? A look at how his campaign style aligns with and differs from Trump’s | Columnists Sun, 19 Jun 2022 12:00:00 +0000

Sarah Palin came out on top in last weekend’s primary to replace longtime Alaska congressman Don Young (who died in March). She now qualifies for the general election scheduled for August 16.

Palin’s 2008 vice presidential campaign heralded the ascendancy of the populist wing of the Republican Party. His campaign this year could again serve as a precursor, this time for what will happen in the 2024 presidential election, assuming Trump goes as planned. Yet despite the similarities, there are important ways in which Trump’s populist approach differs from Palin’s. Examining these differences can provide insight into the impact their candidacies could have on the GOP and national politics.

Palin’s Christian faith is central to her identity. She described an experience of Alaska’s natural outdoor beauty when she was 11 years old as one in which she was “born again.”

She concluded that “if God knew what he was doing when he created Alaska, then he certainly had ideas in mind when he created a point like me.”

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“From that day on,” she wrote in her 2010 book “America by Heart,” “I put my life in God’s hands.”

In her writings, Palin recounted many times when she prayed, alone and with her family, at important times in her life. When told that her baby would have Down Syndrome (her fifth born), she first questioned God. In preparation for the birth of her son (whom she and husband Todd named Trig), she wrote a letter from “her maker’s” perspective.

She prayed, and when he was born, she wrote, “I knew that not only had God made Trig different, but He had made him perfect.

Palin’s religious beliefs play an important role in her politics. She believes that faith played a decisive role in the creation of America and that the prayer of American leaders in times of crisis is routine, bipartisan and good.

Rather than John F. Kennedy’s approach to religion and politics in which he separated the two, she praised Mitt Romney’s speech during his 2004 presidential campaign in which he “described with eloquently and correctly the role of faith in American public life” by embracing religion rather than wanting to run away (as she implies Kennedy did). For Palin, her faith, she says, guides her, in ways big and small, consciously and unconsciously, virtually non-stop.

Palin’s views on abortion are informed by her faith. She unabashedly declared that she was, and always has been, pro-life. The birth of a son with special needs and the teenage pregnancy of daughter Bristol, though difficult to accept at first, she writes, strengthened her anti-abortion beliefs. “Choosing life may not be the easiest path, but it’s always the right path,” she concluded. “I got this confirmation.”

The importance Palin places on her faith contrasts with Trump, who is not known to be particularly religious.

Trump held pro-choice views before running to become president. The reason for his later change of mind, he says, was not because of his faith but because he observed that a friend of his who was considering having an abortion but did not, had a child who ended up being “a total superstar, a big, big kid. That example, and others like it he observed, resulted in him taking a pro-life stance, he said -he declares.

As a presidential candidate in 2016, rather than prioritizing social issues, Trump focused on things like the economy, immigration and foreign policy toward China.

On immigration, Trump made implicit and sometimes explicit racial/ethnic appeals, tapping into white working-class cultural anxieties. He promised to build a wall on the southern border to keep out illegal immigrants whom he characterized, in many cases, as “criminals, drug dealers, rapists” (while adding the qualifier that some, he supposed, were good people). He pledged to ban Muslims from entering the United States. He referred to African Americans using stereotypical tropes (saying, for example, to black people in America: “You live in poverty; your schools are no good; you don’t have a job.”

While president, Trump called Haiti and African states “a shitty country.” He tweeted that the four minority women who made up what was called the team needed to “go back” to where they came from. Regarding the clashes between white supremacists and protesters at a right-wing rally in Charlottesville, Va., Trump said there were “very good people on both sides.”

In her memoir, Palin credits her relationship with Todd, someone who is Yupik Eskimo and hated prejudice, with broadening her worldview.

Getting to know her family, she said, made her appreciate Alaska’s social diversity better. “Our background differences were exciting to me,” Palin wrote in her memoir, “and opened up my more protected world.”

John McCain, Palin’s 2008 running mate, deliberately tried to avoid making race an issue in the election. He forbade using Obama’s former association with the Reverend Jeremiah Wright as a corner issue.

When a member of the public at a town hall said she didn’t trust Obama and called him an Arab, McCain refuted her, saying he (Obama) was a family man decent, a citizen and not (an Arab). Such an approach contrasts with Trump’s racialized promotion of the “birther” conspiracy theory.

Palin objected, at first privately, to McCain’s campaign strategy of avoiding the subject of Obama’s former association with the Reverend Wright. Disagreement spilled over into the public when, after being asked about Wright by conservative commentator Bill Kristol, she replied that she didn’t “know why this association wasn’t discussed more, because these are terrible things. what the pastor had said about our great country. She went on to say that “because he (Obama) didn’t get up and walk away – to me, that says a lot about his character.” After the campaign, Palin wrote that she would “forever question the campaign to ban discussion of such associations”.

In “America by Heart,” Palin wrote that minorities were disproportionately affected by Hurricane Katrina, not because of racism or government incompetence, but because of the high rate of “lack of father among poor African-Americans in New Orleans”, which “resulted in high crime rates”. , endemic drug addiction, school failure and chronic dependence on social assistance. Those on the Gulf Coast weren’t as hard hit by the hurricane, she wrote, because of their “strong and intact families.” Such views not only seem callous (blaming the victims of a natural disaster), but also play into long-held stereotypes that African Americans are violent, ignorant, lazy, and prone to violence.

Perhaps the most alarming aspect of the Trump presidency was his willingness to violate long-standing democratic norms, as evidenced in particular by his refusal to accept the results of the 2020 presidential election. Palin, like others Prominent Republicans currently seeking office expressed skepticism about the election results.

During her time as governor, she was more circumspect. Shortly after his election, the Alaska Supreme Court issued a ruling requiring the state to provide benefits to partners of same-sex employees. Republicans in the state legislature responded by passing a bill that would have prohibited doing so, which the court ruled unconstitutional.

Although Palin is opposed in principle to the state extending benefits to same-sex state employees, she vetoed the bill, saying she was constitutionally required to do so. thus earning the respect of Democrats and others across the political spectrum for privileging the state. constitution on a personal conviction.

That was over 15 years ago. Whether Palin feels such an obligation today, given the loosening of democratic standards, is uncertain.

An election victory for Palin and/or Trump would strengthen the populist wing of the Republican Party.

Each has the potential to influence the GOP, and national politics more broadly, in their own way. It’s too early to predict with certainty whether either will return to Washington. What is certain, however, is that the two will continue to inspire fervent support among their admirers and inflame opposition among their critics in a way that few other public officials in the United States do.

David Dreyer is a professor of political science at Lenoir-Rhyne University.

Position of the Manusher Jonno Foundation on the Anti-Discrimination Bill Fri, 17 Jun 2022 18:00:00 +0000

The fundamental mandate of the Manusher Jonno Foundation (MJF) is to address issues of marginality and exclusion in the country. Since 2004, the MJF, with the support of UKaid, has been working with the Dalit/Harijan community to empower them to claim their rights themselves from service providers and gain access to all public institutions. Through its grassroots work, the MJF has found serious shreds of evidence that suggest their accessibility to institutions is limited and their position in society is degraded – negatively affecting both their current psychological and livelihood aspects. and future. Therefore, a strong demand came from the grassroots for there to be a specific law that could protect Dalit/Harijan from such discrimination and inhumane treatment. Apart from certain provisions of the Constitution, at present, there is no such comprehensive law that can remedy discrimination in Bangladesh.

The quintessence of the Anti-Discrimination Bill clearly states that discrimination based on caste, religion, ethnic origin, language, age, sex, place of birth, occupation or untouchability shall not be more ignored.

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In 2008, in such a scenario, the MJF convened a Dalit conference attended by representatives of civil society, research institutes, NGOs, Dalit-Harijan organizations and platforms, government officials and legal experts. At this conference, the then Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Justice advised to draft a law that encompasses the broader framework of discrimination and guarantees the freedoms of marginalized communities facing abuse and discrimination. To do this, legal experts believed that we should first engage all marginalized communities in the country and identify the nature of the discrimination they face in their lives. Based on these findings, as it was decided, we could draft a law to submit to the government.

After the conference, for the next two years, the MJF Rights of the Marginalized Theme conducted extensive nationwide consultation, mobilization and campaigning through the engagement of Dalit-Harijan and other marginalized communities. This program was carried out jointly by more than 15 organizations and platforms working for them. The MJF and its network also engaged the National Human Rights Commission and the Bangladesh Law Commission to have an anti-discrimination law drafted and passed by the government.

When drafting the law, similar legal frameworks were consulted, including those of India, South Africa and the United Kingdom. Interestingly, there was consensus that the scope of the law should be broadened, beyond the Dalit-Harijan community, to include all other segments of society facing systemic discrimination, such as people with disabilities, religious and ethnic minorities, sex workers, transgender people and others.

Subsequently, a comprehensive draft law was submitted to the Law Commission and the MJF subsequently kept track of the review and re-review process. In 2013, the bill was submitted to the Ministry of Justice.

After review, the Ministry of Justice proposed to make some revisions and modifications to the project. Again, in collaboration with the Law Commission, a revised text of the law was submitted to the Ministry of Law.

Then the next eight years saw constant advocacy and lobbying of the Ministry of Justice by the MJF and other leading NGOs including Nagorik Uddyog, Research Initiative Bangladesh and Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust.

Eventually, on April 5, 2022, the Honorable Minister of Justice tabled the long-awaited “Anti-Discrimination Bill, 2022” in parliament. This was then sent to the Parliamentary Standing Committee of the Department of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs for review and report. Immediately, the MJF collected a copy of the bill and did a thorough review by its legal experts. In the bill, the MJF found significant shortcomings and loopholes. On April 17, 2022, the MJF organized a webinar inviting all members of the said permanent parliamentary committee, civil society actors, grassroots members of marginalized communities and legal experts. The MJF presented its analysis of the bill, then sought the opinions of others. The chair of the standing committee welcomed this decision and asked the MJF to send the compiled recommendations given by the MJF as well as the webinar participants. Within days, all compiled recommendations were sent to all members of the Standing Committee. At present, the MJF has continued to pressure them, and they have already decided in principle to make the necessary revisions and changes to the bill.

The main recommendations to improve the bill are presented below:

(1) The Act is to be renamed the “Elimination of Discrimination Act, 2022” instead of the “Anti-Discrimination Act, 2022”. “Anti” is treated as a sensitive connotation.

(2) The preamble of the bill should include references to internationally accepted human rights instruments such as the ICCPR (on civil and political rights); ICESCR (on economic, social and cultural rights); CRC (on the rights of the child); CEDAW (on women’s rights); CPRD (on the rights of persons with disabilities), etc.

(3) Section 2 of the bill should include separate definitions of all marginalized communities.

(4) Section 3 should clarify (a) on what specific grounds a child may be denied access to school, and (b) what occupations and activities are to be considered illegal.

(5) Section 4 should consider (a) minimizing bureaucratic complexities in the structure and procedure for forming the monitoring committee, (b) incorporating representatives of CSOs and marginalized communities into the monitoring committee, and (c) to form the follow-up committee immediately after the adoption of the bill.

(6) Article 9 should guarantee a speedy trial procedure against any case of discrimination. The section should also provide for the initiation of criminal proceedings on the allegation of discrimination, since without criminal proceedings, a punishable measure cannot be taken against the person or persons who are proven to have discriminated under of the law.

(7) Article 7 should ensure the representation of marginalized communities in national and local committees to address the elimination of discrimination.

(8) Strong recommendations were also made in the rapid formulation of the rules after the adoption of the bill and the wider dissemination of the law.

The quintessence of the Anti-Discrimination Bill clearly states that discrimination based on caste, religion, ethnic origin, language, age, sex, place of birth, occupation or untouchability shall not be more ignored. It further states that citizens cannot be deprived of the services of government offices, statutory bodies and non-governmental organizations, and that no one can be denied employment because of the aforementioned identities. However, a law is only one of the tools to guarantee rights and privileges. Therefore, a much stronger commitment must be made to build a society free from discrimination and exploitation where everyone has the equal right to live in freedom, dignity and security.

The writer works at the Manusher Jonno Foundation (MJF) focusing on marginalized communities.

AMA adopts new policy linking poverty-level wages to health problems Mon, 13 Jun 2022 19:31:17 +0000

CHICAGO — With one in 10 people in the United States living in poverty and with many working people unable to afford the essentials they need to stay healthy, the American Medical Association (AMA) today adopted a policy at the annual meeting of its House of Delegates affirming that poverty is detrimental to health and advocating for federal, state and local minimum wage policies that include plans to adjust wage levels in the future to keep pace with inflation.

The AMA also affirmed that minimum wage policies should be consistent with the AMA principle that the highest attainable standard of health is a fundamental human right and that optimizing the social determinants of health is an ethical obligation of civil society.

“Put simply, reducing poverty improves health,” said David H. Aizuss, MD, AMA Trustee. “The COVID-19 pandemic has created a simultaneous economic and public health crisis that has exposed and exacerbated access to care and other social inequalities. Not only has the pandemic had a disproportionate impact on minority and marginalized communities, but economic insecurity, housing insecurity and food insecurity have weighed disproportionately on communities of color and other historically marginalized populations – all of which underscores with startling relief that low-income people have poorer health outcomes Too many people are working full-time jobs – sometimes more than one job – and are unable to exceed poverty wages This needs to change.

The current federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour translates to an annual wage of $15,080, if you work 40 hours per week for all 52 weeks of the year. Workers trying to support a family on the federal minimum wage are eligible for federal poverty assistance. Currently, full-time work at the federal minimum wage rate is insufficient for a single parent to support a single child above the federal poverty level, but in 1968 the federal minimum wage was sufficient to maintain a family of three out of poverty. Moreover, the decline in the value of the minimum wage has proven to be the primary driver of growing inequality between low-wage and middle-wage workers since the late 1970s. In contrast, a federal minimum wage of 15 dollars an hour is expected to increase the family income of 14.4 million children, nearly one-fifth of all American children.

Poverty exacerbates health inequalities because women and people from racial and ethnic groups are more likely to earn low wages. Black and Hispanic individuals and families are specifically disproportionately represented among minimum wage workers. In addition, studies have shown that populations with high and growing income inequality are associated with shorter life expectancy, higher rates of infant mortality, obesity, mental illness, homicide, and other measures in relation to populations whose distribution of income is more equitable. A large body of research on wages, incomes and health shows that policy interventions aimed at increasing the incomes of low-income populations will improve both economic measures (increased income equality and economic security) and health measures (lower mortality rates, improved health status, reduced health inequalities and reduced overall health care costs).

About 88% of minimum wage workers in the United States are over the age of 20, and the average age is 35.7. Based on 2019 data, about 48% of people earning at or below the federal minimum wage have a college education, nearly 67% are women, and about 45% work full-time. Most workers are in restaurant occupations (55%), with many others working in sales and related occupations (8.5%) or personal care and services (6.6%). About 28% of low-wage workers have children, putting many children at risk of living in poverty. The researchers estimated that there would be 2,790 fewer low birth weight births and 518 fewer post-neonatal deaths per year if all states increased the minimum wage by one dollar.

Presidential campaign must not reduce debate to cheap sentiments of religion and ethnicity – Lukman Sat, 11 Jun 2022 18:01:50 +0000
Salisu Mohd Lukman

June 11 (THEWILL) – National Vice President, northwest of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC), Salihu Mohd Lukman, has warned that for the country to move forward, the 2023 presidential campaigns must not reduce important debates to sentimental considerations of ethnicity and religion.

The former chief executive of the Progressive Governors Forum (PGF), said the APC would not rely on cheap sentiments of religion and ethnicity to choose its running mate for its presidential candidate, Bola Ahmed Tinubu.

He argued that the adoption of ethnic and religious considerations in decision-making in the past not only blocked development but also further divided the masses of the country.

Reacting to the current debate over a Muslim-Muslim ticket for the ruling party in the 2023 presidential election, Lukman, in a statement titled “Problems for the 2023 APC presidential campaign,” warned against such considerations. paramount as the standard-bearer of the choices of the party in power. his running mate before the June 17 deadline set by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).

Admitting the importance of ethnicity and religion, the APC leader argued that political leaders should not be allowed to rely on cheap sentiments of religion and ethnicity to win elections of opportunistic way.

He argued that, as “important as ethnic and religious identities are, addressing the challenges facing the country requires that political leaders not be allowed to rely on cheap sentiments of religion and ethnicity to win elections opportunistically.

“If Nigeria is to move forward, the 2023 presidential campaigns must not diminish important debates about Nigeria’s progress towards sentimental considerations of ethnicity and religion. If truth is to be told, Islam and Christianity, along with all our ethnic factors have been used in equal measure to keep Nigeria at a standstill.

He alleged that many religious and ethnic leaders have used and are still using religion and ethnicity to pollute the minds of Nigerians against each other.

According to him, “if Nigerian politics is to overcome the adversities of these so-called religious and ethnic leaders, the religious and ethnic backgrounds of the leaders must be subordinated to the experiential attributes of those considered for leadership.”
Lukman pointed out that regardless of the final choice of Asiwaju and APC leaders regarding who emerges as running mate, the 2023 presidential election will be hotly contested, regardless of Asiwaju Tinubu’s religious and ethnic identity and from anyone.

He advised APC leaders to recognize that the 2023 elections present another golden opportunity for the APC to reinvent itself.
Lukman argued that the overriding sentiments expressed before the APC flag bearer emerged showed that for the country to move forward, we must let go of those considerations.
According to the former executive director of the Progressive Governors Forum (PGF), “against very strong feelings and dominant ethnic and religious policies, which weigh heavily against Asiwaju, both within the APC, but perhaps further promoted by a highly sectarian and conservative strategy of winning cheap votes from Nigerians by the PDP and their supporters, which led to the emergence of Alh.Atiku Abubakar, as the PDP presidential candidate for the 2023 elections, Asiwaju Tinubu became the APC’s presidential candidate.

As the opposition uses the challenges facing the country as campaign tools to further divide Nigerians, Lukman indicated that “APC’s 2023 presidential campaign must be about uniting citizens to move Nigeria forward. It should be questions and proposals for nation building.
“It must be about pushing Nigerians to make all the tough decisions based on respect, fairness and fair representation. That is what the presidential candidacy of Asiwaju Tinubu should represent. presidential election of 2023 on the basis of a convincing promise of national unity.

“A major objective of the 2023 APC presidential campaign should be to correct all the false narratives propagated by opposition parties that the APC government has failed. The campaign should instead focus more on showcasing the achievements of the federal government led by APC, which aims to rebuild the country. For example, achievements in the areas of social investment, infrastructure and agriculture can effectively provide the contrasting scorecard of APC. Since its emergence as a party in the power in 2015, the federal government APC implemented the National Social Investment Program (NSIP), which is far more than any government has done in the past.Founded on the four pillars of N-Power , Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT), Local School Feeding and Government Enterprise and Empowerment Program (GEEP), millions of poor Nigerians are benefiting t of these initiatives. For example, GEEP has disbursed N36.9 billion in interest-free loans ranging from N50,000 to N350,000 to over 2.3 million Nigerians. Through the Home-Grown School Feeding Program, 9.9 million students in grades 1 through 3 in 54,952 public elementary schools in 35 states benefit. 107,000 additional cooks have been hired. In the case of conditional cash transfers, over 3 million poor and vulnerable households have been registered in the national social registry, of which over 1 million families are currently receiving 5,000 naira per month.

“In the area of ​​infrastructure, when President Buhari’s administration took office in 2015, the total federal roads budget of the outgoing PDP government of former President Goodluck Jonathan was N18 billion, which is not only about 25% of the Lagos State road budget for this year. Persistent skeletal funding has resulted in abandoned or slow-moving road projects across the country. APC administration has increased the road budget allocation to more than 200 billion naira a year.In addition, more resources have been spent on road and transport infrastructure construction than any other administration since 1999, and the results are roads, bridges , highways, railways and stations, as well as improvements to airports and seaports.Currently, there are approximately 900 active road contracts covering construction, reconstruction or rehabilitation. clearance of more than 13,000 km of federal roads and highways across the country, out of a total of 35,000 km of existing federal roads.

“In the area of ​​agriculture, the government of President Buhari, led by the APC, has established the National Food Security Council (NFSC), the Agriculture for Food and Jobs Plan (AFJP ), National Livestock Transformation Plan, Anchor Borrower Program (ABP), Presidential Fertilizer Initiative. (PFI) and creating an enabling environment. Specifically, PBA, for example, implemented by the Central Bank of Nigeria since 2015, has provided over N300 billion to over 3.1 million smallholder farmers of 21 different commodities (including rice, wheat, maize, cotton, cassava, poultry, soybeans, peanuts). , Fish), across Nigeria, successfully cultivating over 3.8 million hectares of farmland. PFI has produced and delivered to the Nigerian market more than 30 million equivalent 50 kg bags of fertilizer, at discounted prices; and resulted in the revival or construction of no less than 40 moribund fertilizer blending plants across the country. Nigeria now has 44 functioning blending plants, with more on the way through the President’s Fertilizer Initiative (PFI).

]]> How gun violence affects a child’s health Thu, 09 Jun 2022 22:16:14 +0000 Pediatricians affiliated with the Miller School of Medicine and the Mailman Center for Child Development discuss the effects of gun violence on the health of children and adolescents.

In the United States, more than one-third of children live in homes where guns are present, reports the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), increasing the likelihood of gun-related accidents and suicide. A Pew Research study published in 2021 indicated that 40% of adults in the United States live in homes with a gun.

With the number of firearms in the United States today, Dr. Oneith Cadiz, assistant professor of clinical pediatrics at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, said she was not surprised to learn that the leading cause of child and adolescent deaths from 2019 to 2020 was gun violence. Over the past three years, Cadiz said, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increased sense of uncertainty and isolation that often makes people want to buy a gun because they think it might. give them more security.

“Since 2019, access to firearms and the incidence of mental health disparities have increased,” said Cadiz, who is also director of the Injury Free Coalition for Kids of Miami. “But without intervention, we can’t expect changes…and that’s why we keep seeing these kinds of horrific events.”

Cadiz said she has always believed in legal reforms, such as stricter background checks before people can buy guns, as well as encouraging everyone to practice safe gun storage at home. Many of these suggestions are also supported by the AAP.

Survivors face guilt, depression

In the clinics where she treats children and teaches aspiring doctors, Cadiz has seen the destructive impact of gun violence on young victims and on children who have lost siblings and family members to shootings. Cadiz is also a parent who lives in Parkland, Florida, and has friends and neighbors whose children were at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in 2018 when an expelled teenager brought an assault rifle to campus and killed 17 people, injuring 17 others.

She said it is difficult for anyone to recover from direct experience of gun violence and that she generally understands survivor guilt, as well as anxiety and depression. Therefore, she spends more time talking with patients who have experienced gun violence to understand what kind of support they might need, and then connects them with a mental health provider.

“Children are forever changed by this,” she said. “But it’s up to us to identify the kind of help they need, provide them with tools to manage their emotions and help them reintegrate into everyday life. Because coming out of a gun violence situation, they’re constantly on edge.

Additionally, as part of its healthy child exams, Cadiz makes a point of asking questions about arms at home, which it and the AAP encourage all pediatricians to do. In particular, Cadiz suggests that parents store firearms in locked safes without ammunition. It even provides families with gun locks provided by the Injury Free Coalition for Kids.

“We try to make it part of the culture, just like when we ask kids what they eat during an exam,” she said. “Are we doing a better job? Yes. Can we do even better? Yes.”

A positive development Cadiz said it has seen following the increase in gun violence is a greater focus on mental health in medicine. Now, she hopes lawmakers will respond with more funding for those resources.

“We have reached the point where the victims far outnumber those who commit these crimes,” she said, “so we need to focus our efforts on the mental health support needed by both parties.”

Techniques needed to improve security

Many of his colleagues, who deal with children’s mental health, side with Cadiz.

The horrific mass shootings in Buffalo, New York, and Uvalde, Texas, “challenge us as a society,” said Jeffrey P. Brosco, professor and associate director of the Department of Pediatrics and associate director of the Mailman Center for Child Development.

Noting that the country has dramatically reduced the number of deaths from traffic accidents over the past two decades, he called for using the same techniques to improve gun safety and save thousands of lives.

“Public health research clearly shows that when a country reduces access to guns, children and their families are safer,” Brosco said.

Alan Delamater, a clinical psychologist for children and adolescents at the Mailman Center, agreed.

“The most important factor in explaining the fact that firearms are the leading cause of death among children and adolescents today is the sheer number of weapons available and the ease of access that people, including the kids, have it,” he explained.

Another troubling fact: gun violence disproportionately affects young adults, men, and racial and ethnic minorities, said Viviana Horigian, professor of public health sciences at the Miller School.

“Of all firearm deaths in nearly two dozen populous high-income countries, 82% occur in the United States. And 91% of children killed by firearms in this group of countries are from the United States. How is it possible?” Horigian said, citing statistics from the American Public Health Association’s fact sheet and a 2015 American Journal of Medicine article comparing violent death rates around the world.

She called for the implementation of established public health measures to help reduce the problem of gun violence, such as defining and tracking the problem, identifying risk factors, developing and testing interventions, and the widespread dissemination and adoption of these interventions.

“You might be surprised, but this public health model — the one we follow for any other disease — is not followed for gun violence,” Horigian said. “For example, Congress only recently authorized funds for research into this problem. Without proper research, we won’t know what works.

After Columbine, Sandy Hook and now Uvalde, “if we haven’t reached our tipping point yet, will we?” asked Judy Schaechter, professor emeritus and former chair of the Miller School’s Department of Pediatrics, who is also a longtime gun violence prevention advocate. Schaechter is now president and CEO of the American Board of Pediatrics.

Schaechter has offered the following gun safety tips to keep kids safe.

  • If you have kids and a gun at home, lock up the gun and store ammunition in a separate, locked place.
  • If your children are visiting someone else’s house, just as you might ask if there will be an adult present or if there is a dog in the house, ask if there are guns and ask how they are stored.
  • If someone you know, such as a family member or friend, owns a firearm and may be at risk due to mental health issues, try talking to them about storing or removing them. gun safety. You can offer to store the weapons for a while until your friend gets better. Studies suggest that people are more likely to accept this suggestion when it comes from another gun owner.

Additionally, June 21 is ASK Day, which stands for Asking Saves Kids, Cadiz said. This is an opportunity to remind parents and caregivers of the importance of asking questions about firearms in the home to prevent unintentional firearm injuries. A question as simple as “Is there an unlocked gun in your house?” can save your child’s life.

— Robert C. Jones Jr. contributed to this report.

LA Releases Finalized LA River Master Plan – Sat, 04 Jun 2022 22:00:20 +0000
Los Angeles County unveiled its latest Los Angeles River Master Plan in May, which the County Board of Supervisors will vote on June 14. The plan aims to improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat and biodiversity, and create equitable access to parks. | Photo courtesy of

AFTER nearly 30 years since the first master plan for the historic Los Angeles River, the county is closer than ever to harnessing the river’s full potential to benefit the ecosystem, local communities and future generations of people. Angelenos.

Los Angeles County Public Works, in partnership with Ethnic Media Services (EMS), released the Final LA River Master Plan (LARMP) last month, which, in brief, envisions the revitalization of the river within the context of three main categories: water quality, environmental sustainability and community.

The full LARMP published on May 17 is available here:

The LA County Board of Supervisors is due to consider the plan for adoption on June 14.

As reported by the Asian Journal over the past few years, the LA Department of Public Works, along with other local government and community agencies, updated LARMP to design a more comprehensive, interactive, and interactive LA River. accessible that can act much more than a cool movie backdrop.

If enacted, the LA River — which stretches 51 miles through the sprawling county — and the immediate areas surrounding it would be redesigned not just to improve irrigation and infrastructure issues like flood reduction. and water quality, but also to address social and cultural issues. repercussions.

“We are stewards of this land both the natural and built environment,” Keith Lilley, LA County Deputy Assistant Director of Public Works, said at a press conference hosted by EMS on Tuesday, May 17. “We seek to foster a more positive attitude and equitable basis for all current and future residents. There are nearly one million people living within a mile of the river. We are reimagining a plan that will encourage people and environments to blend and thrive.

As previously reported in the Asian Journal, the mission to revitalize the LA River to better serve its vast communities has been a years-long effort. For a long time, large areas of the LA River looked more like an open sewer with almost no water running through it, a mere remnant of what made Los Angeles an attractive place for native communities and early settlers.

But since 1996, when the LARMP was first drafted, the county has worked to put the river back as a priority, working with local communities, nonprofits, state and national agencies, and d other groups to help the river reach its full potential.

To promote botanical appreciation and studies, habitat and ecosystem functions and laboratories would be located along the river, with an emphasis on increasing and supporting flora biodiversity and wildlife native to California.

But historically, one of the most pressing concerns about the LA River among Angelenos is its lack of amenities and activities for residents.

Along the river, open spaces will connect across the entire 51-mile stretch of the river, with support facilities and trail access, including the upgraded LA River Trail that organizers hope to expand to include the entire length of the river from Canoga Park to Long Beach.

Organizers hope this will encourage more residents to participate in outdoor activities. potentially, these open spaces can also serve as venues for events and places for the community.

“The LA River is an incredible natural resource, but it was never designed to meet the recreational and environmental needs of our riverside communities or the county as a whole,” Kuehl said. “This final version of the LA River Master Plan updates the potential of the river by laying out a thoughtful and comprehensive roadmap that creates a 51-mile artery of sustainable and healthy habitats for plants, animals and humans. .”

However, the massive undertaking to essentially create an LA River 2.0 is not without serious concerns from the various communities served by the LA River. Communities of color adjacent to the river, such as Chinatown, have already been plagued by displacement, leading to hordes of longtime Angelenos being left homeless.

“A lot of people don’t know that Chinatown is one of the poorest neighborhoods in Los Angeles. Many of our residents are one rent increase away from becoming homeless,” said Sissy Trinh, executive director of the Southeast Asian Community Alliance.

She added that in addition to Chinatown, other riverside communities have actually backed off from the idea of ​​increasing parks and recreation near the river because residents fear it will exacerbate the growing problem of gentrification. .

Once the master plan is implemented, she predicted that real estate developers will likely take advantage of the beautification and real estate opportunities to buy multiple plots, build homes and commercial units, and charge dramatically high rents, pushing families, business owners and residents. out of these areas.

“We were in this place where we wondered, are we fighting [against] have nicer neighborhoods or do we accept that this is going to happen and we will just be kicked out? noted Trinh.

If the county approves the plan – it likely will – several projects outlined by LARMP will be set in motion. Despite concerns that revitalization efforts could harm vulnerable communities, LA Public Works is confident that the years of planning that have gone into the plan will address all community concerns.

“We explored areas of social, cultural and ecological disparity, including homelessness, gentrification, open public spaces, public health, and community and environmental inequalities in infrastructure,” said the director of public works. of the county, Mark Pestrella, who is also the chief engineer for the Los Angeles County Flood Control District. “The result is a plan that recognizes the river as a complex ‘system of systems’ in which people, places and the environment are encouraged to co-exist, mingle and thrive. (Klarize Medenilla/AJPress)

Klarize Medenille

Klarize Medenilla is an editor and reporter for the Asian Journal. You can reach her at

Love Without Words: The Silent Narrative of Heartstopper Sun, 29 May 2022 12:28:39 +0000

CW: abuse, racism

Among the Many Interesting Moments From Netflix’s Latest Big Hit Heart stroke, the one that I found particularly revealing about the texture of the series is in the last episode, when the two protagonists Nick (Kit Conner) and Charlie (Joe Locke) are seated next to Alice Oseman – creator of the strip comic book as well as the television series – which sketches the two boys into comic characters on his tablet. The scene communicates to us a relationship between the screen and the page that is both fascinating and slightly disturbing: what has just been adapted to the screen could so easily return to the pages.

Such page screen dynamics works like Heart stroke‘s very premise. The boards of the original comic series, which is currently in its seventh season on the webcomic platform Tapas, are more than enough to serve as quasi-storyboards for the television adaptation. To ensure there is no doubt about the show’s birth from the comics, director Euros Lyn diligently throws away all the BBC’s adult framing and editing. sherlock and Doctor Who out the window, and instead settles for doodle-level cinema: square frames, slide transitions between scenes, not to mention multi-character shots that have Nick, Charlie and their friends framed in literal panels to indicate the synchronicity of their SMS group chat. What we see on screen ends up being not only the same story of the pages, but also the pages themselves.

And this on-screen adoption of the comedy format helps the show hit what’s best for Netflix, or at least its budget. With just eight episodes, each around 30 minutes long, the first season covers three full seasons of content from the original comics. In the Tapas / Webtoon period (one episode every 10 days, also counting Oseman’s interruptions), we are talking about two years of updates. The reason this might happen is the same reason many of us finished the season all at once: rare for the teen drama genre, the series, much like its sketchy source material, is taciturn like a true shy teenager. There’s no “I feel butterflies in my heart” interior monologue when Tao and Elle have their moment in the art room, but actual scribbled butterflies flying around. There’s no “I really feel attracted to you” every time Nick and Charlie almost touch hands, but animated sparks sizzle between their fingers. Even in the climactic moment of the two boys’ first kiss scene, little was said beyond a few lines and the “may I kiss you.” Instead of big confessions that everyone was holding their breath for, there were just the tiny hand-drawn flowers forming a circle around the pair and blossoming fully. While the comic format forbids any long dialogue so as not to tire the reader and leave more room for images, the show has inherited this silence to achieve the same result. As graphic elements replace words, and “Hi” in school hallways replaces confessions of love, Heart stroke becomes light as a feather that tickles more than an elaborate teardrop.

The lightness of comic aesthetics works in Heart stroke‘s favor in many ways, with one in particular that could have accidentally transformed the landscape of the YA TV genre, and in particular LGBTQ+ movies and series. Of Breadwinner (2017) at this year’s Oscar nominee To run away (2021), both of which are animated films that tell true stories, the latter being a true documentary, the power of animation to portray reality and produce authenticity should be familiar to us by now. By seeing the world through designs and colors, parts of reality that tend to be invisible are revealed for all to see, which is why Heart stroke redefined the phrase “show, don’t tell”.

By cutting back on the spoken words and leaving plenty of room for the visuals, the series vividly conveys that teenage feeling – of knowing something deep down without having the words for it. Charlie and Nick may not be good at explaining and defining their relationship with words, but their mutual attraction is clear as day to themselves – and to the audience – through the sparkles and scribbled flower petals, imaginary things that every lover knows to be there without having to see them. The pair might struggle to pin down their connection, but it’s made so evident by the recurring color combination of blue and yellow, on books strewn across classroom desks and on their umbrella as they share a kiss in the rain – that feeling that when you fall in love, it’s as if the very palette of reality is letting you in and being the matchmaker.

Wordless but meaningful colors also work particularly well to portray the experience of discovering one’s sexuality. Although Nick only typed or voiced the word “bisexual” a few times, and wasn’t sure if it applied to him for most of Season 1, the bisexual flag, from pink, blue and purple, follows him from bowling to his friend Harry’s party, where he ends up kissing Charlie for the first time. My favorite graphical detail remains the abundance of backscatter in the show. Little rainbow orbs are often seen as unwanted accidents in photography and film, but just like Nick and Charlie’s friendship-turned-love, some accidents are cute and lovable, which might be why. Heart strokeThe cinematography of deliberately leaves the orbs as they are in the final cut.

As much as there is praise about Heart strokeWith the wordless approach to television, the disappearance of spoken lines also comes with compromises. Even though Heart stroke isn’t determined to portray a high school utopia (which would be the biggest oxymoron of all time), it’s inevitably selective about the events it hosts. Because hardly anyone on the show speaks more than ten words in a single line, little is explored and resolved about the bullying many ethnic minority characters experience. Charlie’s best friend Tao is the perfect sidekick, but we never hear why he’s constantly harassed by white rugby players or why he’s afraid of being isolated at school. Tara’s Instagram is flooded with hostile DMs after announcing her lesbian relationship, while her white girlfriend Darcy doesn’t seem to get the same amount of aggression. She transfers from an all-boys school to an all-girls school and is relieved to no longer be bullied by her cis male peers, but we don’t see her having any friends at the new school besides Tara and Darcy. Since the comic book series doesn’t just tackle the subject of teenage struggles and mental health issues, the series shouldn’t omit the unique issues faced by ethnic minority youth.

Sometimes silence can be poetic and meaningful, an art that Heart strokeThe first season of has clearly mastered it. But other times things require words and actions. In the latest episode, Charlie confronts his abusive ex Ben in an atypical but cathartically long talk. As much as I love flowers, fireworks, and the soft glow of the rainbow, I hope to see more of the same spoken wrath in the next season when needed.

Artwork by Wang Sum Luk

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66 runners started a 100 mile race in Maine. Only 19 finished. Thu, 26 May 2022 05:00:00 +0000

Early in the morning of May 14, a group of 78 runners stood in the parking lot of Androscoggin Riverlands State Park in Turner. Twelve of those runners were preparing for a 20-mile loop as the first of five runners from the relay teams competing that day.

The other 66 runners set off to accomplish a feat that few people dream of accomplishing: running 100 miles continuously.

The Riverlands 100-Mile Race was dreamed up by Valerie Abradi and Mindy Slovinsky in response to a lack of 100-mile races to serve Maine’s vibrant and thriving trail and ultra-runner community. (Riverlands 100 is still Maine’s only 100-mile race.) In the race’s first year, 2017, 38 solo runners started the race. With the exception of 2020, when the race was canceled due to the coronavirus pandemic, the race has been held every year since.

Runners who complete four 25-mile laps earn a belt buckle printed with the Riverlands 100 logo, the classic ultra-running culture prize for completing a race of 100 miles or more. For many, this loop not only represents 24-32 hours of racing – through the night, through bugs, through nausea and sore muscles – it also represents countless hours of training in the months leading up to the race. .