Ethnic Adoption – Brain Ethics http://brainethics.org/ Thu, 24 Nov 2022 03:43:54 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://brainethics.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/brain-ethics-icon-150x150.png Ethnic Adoption – Brain Ethics http://brainethics.org/ 32 32 NBC News projects Sarah Palin loses, ending her political comeback https://brainethics.org/2022/11/24/nbc-news-projects-sarah-palin-loses-ending-her-political-comeback/ Thu, 24 Nov 2022 01:39:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/24/nbc-news-projects-sarah-palin-loses-ending-her-political-comeback/

Republican candidate for the US House of Representatives Sarah Palin talks to reporters near the corner of Seward Highway and Northern Lights Boulevard on US election night, in Anchorage, Alaska, US, 8 November 2022.

Kerry Tasker | Reuters

Former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, the only Republican woman to serve as vice president, has been defeated in her bid for a political comeback to represent the state in the U.S. House of Representatives, NBC reported. News Wednesday evening.

Palin’s loss to Representative Mary Peltola, a Democrat, was her second loss in an election for the Alaska General House seat in less than three months.

The race took weeks to be called because the winner was determined by Alaska’s new ranked-choice voting system.

In late August, Peltola defeated Palin and another Republican, Nick Begich, in a special election for the seat. It was left vacant by the March death of GOP Rep. Don Young, who had served in office for nearly half a century.

Peltola, a former state representative, became the first Alaskan in Congress.

But she immediately faced a rematch against Palin and Begich in the election for a full two-year term.

Peltola finished fourth in a nonpartisan primary in June.

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By mid-August, none of the three remaining candidates in the special election had received more than 50% of the vote. The winner was then determined by a ranked voting system that was approved by state voters two years prior.

Palin complained about the ranked pick system after her first loss, calling its adoption a “mistake”. But Begich said “ranking voting showed that a vote for Sarah Palin is actually a vote for Mary Peltola.”

“Palin just doesn’t have enough support from Alaskans to win an election,” Begich said at the time.

The late Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona tapped Palin to be his running mate in his 2008 presidential race against Democratic nominee and eventual winner Barack Obama and his running mate Joe Biden, who himself was elected president. two years ago.

Palin resigned as governor of Alaska in July 2009, less than a year after the defeat in the presidential election, saying ethics complaints against her threatened to bog down the state.

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Local elections in Slovenia: Congress delegation welcomes orderly voting, but calls for more consistent regulation https://brainethics.org/2022/11/21/local-elections-in-slovenia-congress-delegation-welcomes-orderly-voting-but-calls-for-more-consistent-regulation/ Mon, 21 Nov 2022 14:38:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/21/local-elections-in-slovenia-congress-delegation-welcomes-orderly-voting-but-calls-for-more-consistent-regulation/

A delegation from Congress of Local and Regional Authorities carried out an observation mission to the local elections on 20 November in Slovenia. The 18 observers were deployed in different regions of the country, to follow the electoral procedures in 120 polling stations, including the counting in seven places.

“Overall, we witnessed a calm and orderly election day, with no major incidents or anomalies,” head of delegation David Eray (Switzerland, EPP/CCE) told a press conference in Ljubljana. . He underlined the high level of confidence in the Slovenian electoral system, both on the part of voters and candidates, as well as the existence of special voting rights for the country’s three ethnic minorities, “which is an important feature of ‘a truly democratic and inclusive environment’.

However, the Congress delegation insisted on the need for more consistent regulations, particularly with regard to the sealing of ballot boxes, the secrecy of the vote and the layout of polling stations. By giving the National Electoral Commission some co-ordinating or oversight powers and clear instructions on the practicalities of election day, the professionalization of election management could be further enhanced, Eray said.

The report of the observation mission will be presented for adoption at the 44th Session of the Congress of the Council of Europe, in March 2023.


Press release

Council of Europe Congress observes local elections in Slovenia

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Laura Briggs’ Book ‘Taking Children: A History of American Terror’ Hailed ‘Priceless’ in Celeste Ng’s New York Times Best-Selling New Novel https://brainethics.org/2022/11/17/laura-briggs-book-taking-children-a-history-of-american-terror-hailed-priceless-in-celeste-ngs-new-york-times-best-selling-new-novel/ Thu, 17 Nov 2022 19:00:26 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/17/laura-briggs-book-taking-children-a-history-of-american-terror-hailed-priceless-in-celeste-ngs-new-york-times-best-selling-new-novel/

Laura Briggs

“Taking Children: A History of American Terror” by Laura Briggs, a professor in the Department of Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, is hailed in novelist Celeste Ng’s new New York Times instant bestseller, ” Our Missing Hearts”, a dystopian novel from the near future where anti-Asian hatred looms large in the United States. It focuses on the story of Margaret, a Chinese-American poet, and Bird, her 12-year-old son, from whom she was separated as lines from her poems begin to appear on resistance protest signs.

In the author’s note, Ng writes that most of the events in the book are inspired by real events.

“If this resonates with you, as I hope it does, learn more about the many cases, past and present, in which children have been taken from their families: separations from enslaved families, government boarding schools for children (like the one in Carlisle, Pennsylvania), the inequities inherent in the foster care system, the migrant family separations that still occur at the U.S. southern border and beyond,” writes Ng. “Much more attention needs to be paid to this subject, but Laura Briggs’ ‘Taking Children: A History of American Terror’ provides invaluable insight.”

Briggs’ book examines the 400-year history of the United States’ use of child abduction from marginalized communities – from the abduction of black and indigenous children during the founding of America to Donald Trump’s policy of family separation for Central American migrants and asylum seekers at the US-Mexico border – as a violent tool for political purposes. It was published in 2020 by University of California Press.

“I have long admired scientists and mathematicians who do such a good job of reaching audiences, even children, with what is engaging and important in their research. I’ve suggested to many colleagues that they consider collaborating with documentary filmmakers to make their research more efficient,” says Briggs. “I feel really lucky that Celeste Ng made this her project to tell the stories of children separated from their communities for political purposes, and that she found my historical research useful in this work.”

Briggs is an expert on US and international child welfare policy and transnational and transracial adoption. Her research investigates the relationship between reproductive politics, neoliberalism, and the long duration of American empire and imperialism. She has also been at the forefront of reshaping the field and frameworks of transnational feminisms.

In addition to her numerous publications, Briggs is a public intellectual whose work has been featured in court cases, podcasts and journalism, including on National Public Radio, Slate, PBS, New Republic, Indian Country Today and Ms Magazine.

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Adoption is taking longer in Calderdale, but agencies aren’t giving up trying to find homes for the children, advisers said https://brainethics.org/2022/11/15/adoption-is-taking-longer-in-calderdale-but-agencies-arent-giving-up-trying-to-find-homes-for-the-children-advisers-said/ Tue, 15 Nov 2022 06:01:57 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/15/adoption-is-taking-longer-in-calderdale-but-agencies-arent-giving-up-trying-to-find-homes-for-the-children-advisers-said/

But this is because the agencies do not give up looking for a home for children who, for example, may have different needs, who are older or who are part of a sibling group, explains a regional agency.

Rhian Benyon, service delivery manager for One Adoption West Yorkshire, said: “We don’t give up – it impacts our timelines.

“We usually succeed, few children fail to find a family,” she said.

Generic photo of a family

The indicative national figure is 426 days, but Calderdale takes an average of 540.

Agencies are always looking for families willing to adopt children.

Nationally, there are more adopters available than children up for adoption, but figures in West Yorkshire are described as ‘stable’.

“We work very hard to get as many people as possible to consider adopting our children,” Ms Benyon said.

Campaigns to encourage this are taking place and support is being given to adoptive parents.

Counselors asked about children with special educational needs and disabilities, issues around crucial GP assessments for adopters, placement and why it took longer for some children to be adopted that others.

At the end of March 2022, in Calderdale, there were 18 children with an adoption plan who were not currently placed and required adoptive parents, with three of the children over the age of five and part of a group of siblings.

Whenever possible, siblings are kept together when adopted.

Between April 1, 2021 and March 31, 2022, 15 Calderdale children had an adoption plan approved.

In West Yorkshire, 2021-22 saw 112 adoptive families approved and 106 families matched with children. Of the 112 households, 206 people were approved.

Only ten per cent of adopters are from ethnic minorities, similar to 2020-21, indicating a continued need to increase diversity of adopters, Calderdale Council’s Child and Young People’s Services Review Panel has heard .

Although in the first half of 2022-23 there has been a surge in the number of West Yorkshire families making formal applications to begin stage one adoption processes, in stage two the number remains consistent with previous annual averages.

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Multi-million pound housing project for older people in Brighouse – including ca…

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Growing a Family Through Adoption: A Local Mom Shares Her Story in Honor of National Adoption Month | Parents https://brainethics.org/2022/11/11/growing-a-family-through-adoption-a-local-mom-shares-her-story-in-honor-of-national-adoption-month-parents/ Fri, 11 Nov 2022 11:00:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/11/growing-a-family-through-adoption-a-local-mom-shares-her-story-in-honor-of-national-adoption-month-parents/

There are many paths to starting a family, and adoption is the path local mom Caitlin Waddington has found herself on in pursuit of her dream of becoming a mother.

“I always wanted to be a mom and would love to be married to a man, but that never happened,” she shares. “When I was around 36, I thought, ‘I can handle never being married, at the end of my life, but I could never handle not being a mother.’ So I chose to be a single mother and to adopt.

Waddington’s sister had adopted her daughter from China just two years prior, so she felt equipped to pursue an international adoption. At first she completed the paperwork and home study process – in which a social worker spends time visiting expectant parents in their homes to provide education and support as they prepare to welcome a child in their family – with the aim of adopting a girl from China. But deep in her heart, Waddington knew she was destined to mother a son.






Caitlin Waddington, center, is seen with her parents after adopting her baby boy, Peter, in Guatemala.




“One day, towards the end of the home-study process, my father called me and said, ‘I don’t know if you know this, but China prohibits adoption for single people, and you don’t can only adopt older children and not babies.’ I already knew that, but I said, ‘OK, that’s good to know’. Let me call you back in a minute,” Waddington said. “I had this reaction of, oh well, now I can have my son! So I called the home study social worker and asked if we could change countries and adopt a little boy from Guatemala. I trusted my instincts.

Peter was born in October 2006, and on January 29, 2007, he was placed in Waddington’s arms “forever and ever”, she recalled. “It was our Baby Gotcha or Family Forever Day.”

Peter has five names, including Spanish names to honor his Guatemalan heritage. “I always wanted five kids,” Waddington shares, “so I had my five kids in one,” she laughs. “I’m so glad I had Peter. He is absolutely supposed to be my son. That’s why I know it was meant to be. It was divine intervention happening somewhere, somehow.

Before meeting Peter in person, Caitlin received a photo of her birth mother holding him and a social story. She sent a special blanket, clothes and a disposable camera to her host family in Guatemala. “I had dreamed of being a mother since I was little, so for Peter and me, the attachment was immediate,” she recalls. “When I got the photo of him, I immediately felt like he was my son.”







Peter and Caitlin Waddington1

Caitlin Waddington holds her son, Peter, during their first Family Forever Day on January 29, 2007.


When Waddington and her parents traveled to Guatemala to bring Peter home, he was swaddled in the blanket she had sent him. His foster family had filled the disposable camera film with photographs. “They had taken pictures of the first Christmas, the first doctor’s appointment and being held on the back of a pony with his adopted sister – those premieres that I had missed,” Waddington describes. “They did a wonderful job helping me find out what happened to my son before he came to see me. They wrote down everything that happened in his day, in different colored markers, in Spanish: what his day was like, that he really likes to talk in the afternoon – which he always does! she laughs.

She expressed her gratitude to Peter’s foster family for filling the first 14 weeks of his life with love. She remembers the tears her adoptive parents cried when they said goodbye to her and was moved by their love for her son.

“He’s on his way, and we’re family,” Caitlin says, reflecting on how her son, now 16, grew up. “He’s a swimmer at Oceanside, he’s super smart and very social, and he likes to be the class clown,” she smiles. “He’s been swimming year-round since he was 7 and now works as a lifeguard and toddler swim instructor at Park West.”







Peter and Caitlin Waddington

Peter Waddington, who just turned 16, and his mother, Caitlin, recently visited family in Vermont.


Adoption is a way to grow a family, and with it come unique nuances that Waddington hopes more people will become aware of. Here are a few things she learned along the journey:

Every adoption starts with a loss. “Whether it was a loss of connection with the biological mother, experienced in the womb, where the child knew her voice, the sounds of the house, or the loss of a particular domestic environment, room or classroom for an older child, every adoption begins with loss,” she wisely recounts. Sensitivity and empathy for the child’s experience of these losses is important, even in the middle the joy of being welcomed into his adoptive family.

Language matters. Historically, the term “to be put up for adoption” dates back to slavery. “Being ‘set up’ for adoption is actually like being auctioned off for slavery,” says Waddington. “Being ‘placed for’ adoption is the birth mother’s choice. Someone might put their baby up for adoption because of poverty, health issues, skills, addiction. It’s a process they go through.

Celebrate diverse cultural backgrounds. Internationally adopted children crave positive examples from people of a similar cultural, racial or ethnic background. “My son needs male influences,” Waddington shares. “And being willing to find doctors who are male and Latino so he can see that. I’m consciously thinking about exposing it to various people in a variety of roles, different ways of being in the world.

Find a support village. “Be open to resources and help, because it really does take a whole village to raise a child,” she said. “Make sure you have a good support system. Some families have had to let go of certain family members who didn’t want a culturally diverse family. You need to know what your biases are or what they might lean towards.

Respect all families. “Find the right avenue, the best path for you for adoption, because there are many different ways, and every path is good,” Waddington shares. “Make sure you are emotionally intelligent, as much as you can, at all times in your life, and that you continue to evolve. And enjoy the ride – adoption is just another way to create a family.

Caitlin Waddington is a real estate agent at Carolina One Realty, which gives her the opportunity to be a mother and help other families find the best places for them. She is also happy to speak with anyone interested in adoption, from a parent’s perspective. Visit CaitlinWaddington.com to contact her.

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Industry body against food regulator’s front-of-package labeling proposal https://brainethics.org/2022/11/09/industry-body-against-food-regulators-front-of-package-labeling-proposal/ Wed, 09 Nov 2022 08:43:20 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/09/industry-body-against-food-regulators-front-of-package-labeling-proposal/

New Delhi: Indian Sellers Collective, an umbrella body of trade associations and sellers across the country, on Wednesday opposed the food regulator’s proposal on regulation of front-of-package nutrition labeling (FOPNL ), claiming it could put traditional Indian snack and drink makers on their backs.

“The representative body claimed that FOPNL would lead to Indian ethnic foods being classified as unhealthy, cause serious business losses for MSME packaged food manufacturers and sellers and open the floodgates for Western packaged foods to capture markets Indians,” the association said in a statement on Wednesday.

Under the proposed FOPNL, packaged foods and beverages will be assigned stars such as “one star foods”, “two star foods”, and therefore “good food”, “not good food”, etc. depending on their salt, sugar and fat content. India’s main food regulator, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India or FSSAI, has issued a draft notice on front-of-package labeling of packaged food products in a bid to regulate their content of fat, sugar and salt.

Since traditional Indian cuisine uses salt, sugar and fat, for various scientific and customary reasons, these items will be conspicuously marked “unhealthy” according to the proposed mathematical calculation and star rating system expression, which which will lead consumers to reject them, the industry association said.

Admittedly, the Indian packaged food and beverage industry is dominated by foods such as bhujiya, dhokla and murukku; sweets like gulab jamun, ras malai and barfi or soft drinks like nimbu panni, lassi etc.

The industry association added that the regulations could favor multinational food companies which may be better equipped to change the nutritional composition of their food products to achieve a better health rating. For example, large snack companies might add nuts and fruit to their existing product to gain favorable ratings; similar changes can be made to beverages.

“Major distributors and retailers that thrive on collaborations with multinationals and big food companies will continue to sell reconstituted western packaged foods in India as the adoption of FONPL will continue to destroy the market for traditional Indian packaged foods. However, the millions of small independent vendors who largely depend on MSME makers and traditional packaged Indian snacks to earn a living, will have no recourse, thus threatening their very survival,” said Dhairyashil Patil, Chairman of All India Consumer Products Distributors Federation (AICPDF).

The draft FSSAI notification also provides a list of solid foods and liquid foods that will be exempt from FOPNL. The exemption list ignores food categories of Indian origin and instead pushes Western products high in sugar, salt and fat, he added.

India’s food processing industry accounts for 32% of the country’s total food market, according to industry estimates. The majority of India’s processed food market is concentrated in Tier II and Tier III cities. Almost 79% of this market is dominated by MSME players. The rollout of the front-of-package nutrition labeling regulations could pose a threat to small manufacturers.

Catch all the trade news, market news, breaking news and latest updates on Live Mint. Download the Mint News app to get daily market updates.

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Lokedi, Salpeter and Gebreslase win thrilling New York Marathon race https://brainethics.org/2022/11/06/lokedi-salpeter-and-gebreslase-win-thrilling-new-york-marathon-race/ Sun, 06 Nov 2022 20:39:46 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/06/lokedi-salpeter-and-gebreslase-win-thrilling-new-york-marathon-race/ Access everything we publish when you >”,”name”:”in-content-cta”,”type”:”link”}}”>subscribe to Outside+. Amid hot and humid temperatures in New York, Sharon Lokedi dug deep and her best run yet, winning the New York City Marathon in her first run at 26.2 miles. But do you know who …]]>

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Amid hot and humid temperatures in New York, Sharon Lokedi dug deep and her best run yet, winning the New York City Marathon in her first run at 26.2 miles.

But do you know who else dug deep and ran the marathon well? Six of the next eight graduates behind Lokedi happened to be mothers of young children.

Sharon Lokedi wins the Women’s Professional Open Division during the 2022 TCS New York City Marathon on November 06, 2022 in New York City. (Photo: Bryan Bedder/New York Road Runners via Getty Images)

In her stunning 26.2-mile debut, Lokedi, a 28-year-old former University of Kansas runner from Kenya, broke away from the women’s lead pack at the 24-mile mark and edged Kenyan-born Israeli runner Lonah Salpeter to win Sunday’s race. New York Marathon in 2:23:23. Salpeter, a bronze medalist at last summer’s World Championships in Athletics in Eugene, Oregon, finished seven seconds behind to secure second place (2:23:30), followed by Ethiopia’s Gotytom Gebreslase third in 2:23:39.

Lokedi and men’s winner Evans Chebet, also from Kenya, each won $100,000 in prize money for their wins.

“I didn’t expect to win (but) I expected to run well,” said Lokedi, who finished fourth at the United Airlines NYC Half last March with a personal best 1:08:14. “I wanted to be in the race; I know I was strong. I just wanted to go out there and get into it.

Pro Field NYC Women's Marathon 2022
The peloton, led by Emma Bates, Lindsay Flanagan and Keira D’Amato of the United States, competes in the Women’s Professional Division of the TCS New York City Marathon on November 06, 2022 in New York City. (Photo: Sarah Stier/Getty Images)

Elite mother riders

While Lokedi rode a magnificent race and should get all the credit and accolades for his 2:23:23 win, it says a lot when mothers of young children dominate the top 10 spots of one of the most competitive marathons in the world. That’s right, Salpeter (Kenya/Israel), Viola Cheptoo (Kenya), Edna Kiplagat (Kenya), Hellen Obiri (Kenya), Aliaphine Tuliamuk (Kenya/US) and Jessica Stenson (Australia) who finished 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 9th overall are all strong, fit and very fast moms. (See top 10 female results here.)

Motherhood and running are a hot topic at Women’s Running. Pregnancy and the postpartum experience can have a significant impact on a woman’s body whether you are an elite or age group with a goal or not. Not so long ago, having a child put an immediate end to your career as a professional athlete. With that in mind, it’s an important time to see the majority of the top ten female athletes in a major world marathon as mothers. This is a testament not only to their athleticism, dedication and commitment, but also to a changing world. Money talks, and when sponsors step in to support female athletes who have had children, it sends a message beyond sport.

RELATED: Running and Motherhood: How It Changes Us

Salpeter, a 33-year-old Kenyan-born athlete who competes for Israel, has a 7-year-old son. Cheptoo, 33, has two young daughters, while Kiplagat, 42, a two-time world champion and winner of the 2010 New York City Marathon, has five young children – two of her own, two adopted by her sister who died of breast cancer in 2003 and one adopted from a neighbor who died in childbirth in 2013. Meanwhile, Obiri, 32, and Tuliamuk, 33, have young daughters and Stenson, 35, has a young son.

It all seems perfectly appropriate in a year where the New York City Marathon has gone out of its way to support new mothers before, during and after the race. In partnership with the &Mother non-profit, the New York Road Runners set up private lactation stations at various locations along the course, as well as at the Race Expo earlier in the weekend.

RELATED: Child Care Pilot Program to Debut at USATF Outdoor Championships

Tuliamuk, a 33-year-old Kenyan-born American who races for the Hoka NAZ Elite program based in Flagstaff, Arizona, was the American finisher, finishing seventh in a personal best time of 2:26:18 (5:35 per mile) . She gave birth to daughter Zoe in January 2021 and then competed in the Tokyo Olympics seven months later. She was unable to complete this marathon but has great results over shorter distances, so this was the first marathon she has completed since winning the 2020 US Olympic Trials in Atlanta.

“I think I excel when the conditions aren’t perfect,” said Tuliamuk, who couldn’t do full marathon preparation due to an ankle injury she suffered in early September. . “I think today it is.”

RELATED: Aliphine Tuliamuk feels faster as a mother

Other notable results of American women

Aside from Tuliamuk, the other top American women were Emma Bates (8th, 2:26:53), Nell Rojas (10th, 2:28:32), Lindsay Flanagan (2:29:28), Stephanie Bruce (2:30:34), Keira D’Amato (2:31) and Des Linden (2:32:37).

Linden, the 2018 Boston Marathon champion and two-time U.S. Olympian, surged forward and found herself ahead of the large female lead pack, pushing the pace just short of the 10k course record pace (34:26 ) before the rest of the Elites reintegrated her into the pack.

Des Linden NYC Marathon
Desiree Linden of the United States launched an early push pushing the pace just above the course record pace throughout the 10k segment. (Photo: Sarah Stier/Getty Images)

Men’s race in New York

In the men’s race, Brazilian Daniel Do Nascimento, wearing purple shorts and a white tank top, took the lead and led the pack by 31 seconds in the 5km (14:31) split and 90 seconds at 10 km (28:42). He’s a legitimate elite runner, having finished third in the Seoul Marathon last spring in 2:04:51, the fastest time ever recorded by a non-African runner. But the rest of the men’s elite peloton were content to let Do Nascimento escape for the time being as he ran at a sub-2:30 pace, possibly because they were also ahead of the record pace of the course and because the morning temperature was exceptionally hot. and rising.

Shortly before the 21st kilometer, Do Nascimento succumbed to cramps and exhaustion and left the course, Chebet flew past and never looked back. Kitata and El Aaraby were 20 seconds behind at the time, but only Kitata continued to climb as Chebet closed in on the finish. Chebet didn’t let go though, clocking the final miles in 5:05 to hold on for the win.

“I’m so thrilled to celebrate a win today,” Chebet said. “I knew going into this race that I would have a chance of a podium finish, but this field is so strong that nothing was guaranteed. Today’s result feels like a reward for all the hard work that I’ve been training for this race – couldn’t be happier.

Hug, Scaroni win wheelchair races

American Susannah Scaroni broke the course record in the women’s wheelchair race, finishing in 1:42.43, 21 seconds better than the old mark, which was held by Tatyana McFadden. Marcel Hug of Switzerland won the men’s wheelchair race for the fifth time, tying Kurt Fearnley for the most wins in the event. Hug completed the 26.2-mile course that spans New York’s five boroughs in 1:25:26 to beat the previous mark of 1:29.22 set by Fearnley of Australia in 2006. Hug and Scaroni won 25 $000 for their wins and $50,000 for their new course records.

Susannah Scaroni NYC Marathon 2022
Susannah Scaroni of the United States celebrates after winning the women’s wheelchair division of the 2022 New York City Marathon in New York City on November 6, 2022. (Photo: TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP via Getty Images)

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Fetterman’s stroke gives us a chance to ban ideas based on eugenics https://brainethics.org/2022/11/04/fettermans-stroke-gives-us-a-chance-to-ban-ideas-based-on-eugenics/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 11:32:17 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/04/fettermans-stroke-gives-us-a-chance-to-ban-ideas-based-on-eugenics/

Comment

Democrat John Fetterman’s performance in Pennsylvania’s only Senate debate sparked intense discussion about his suitability for office as he recovered from a stroke. Fetterman’s stumbles and verbal pauses have intensified Republican accusations that his health is too fragile to withstand a senator’s job, even as doctors and disability advocates have pushed back against those accusations.

But while some have seen Fetterman’s hesitant speech and need for closed captioning as evidence of cognitive impairment, the conversation surrounding his fitness is grounded in prejudice and ableism. The polished, articulate and polished image we associate with the ideal politician means that anyone who does not meet this ideal is considered inferior – and therefore “unfit”. But this understanding of what makes someone fit for a job is actually rooted in eugenics.

In 1883, British polymath Sir Francis Galton first developed eugenics as a science to enhance the innate qualities of the human race. Eugenics invaded American society around the turn of the 20th century as a progressive solution to the widespread problems caused by groups deemed “socially inadequate”.

For eugenicists, science said that “moral” deficiencies were hereditary and threatened the health of the nation. This meant that the solution to social problems like crime, promiscuity and poverty targeted the “morally degenerate” for institutionalization and sterilization. As Galton envisioned, human improvement was possible only through consistent scientific intervention brought about by eugenics: “What nature does blindly, slowly and ruthlessly, man can do with foresight, speed and kindly.”

Yet, at its core, eugenics simply applied a scientific gloss to existing prejudices of race, class, and gender. Immigrants, people with disabilities, and racial and ethnic minorities were among those who were socially “unfit.” As historian Natalie Lira explains, new terms such as “moron”, “fool”, “weak-minded”, and “degenerate” stigmatized those who clashed with these existing prejudices. And their alleged lack of fitness has been deemed detrimental to the future of the race – making these groups susceptible to fundamental attacks on their freedom.

The language of eugenics was deeply rooted in American culture and extended to all aspects of life. The eugenics impulse created perceptions about what kinds of “desirable” traits—intelligence, health, looks, and success—and thus who should breed to propagate normal or superior traits, and who shouldn’t.

Controlling human reproduction through better reproduction was a necessity. In a 1914 article in the Virginia Law Review, for example, J. Miller Kenyon asserted that sterilization should be practiced “on all the unfit, a class which includes not only the insane, the insane criminals, but also rapists, syphilis and the degenerate”. .” Such arguments extended to “handicapped” – a label equated with a defective being – leading to the involuntary sterilization of 60,000 disabled people during the 20th century.

What justified such drastic ideas? The good of society as a whole.

Such issues justified the adoption of deeply inegalitarian and sectarian policies. In 1919, for example, Detroit police revoked licenses held by deaf drivers after legislation prohibited “defectives” from operating motor vehicles; over the next 20 years, deaf people also had to fend off proposals to ban deaf drivers in many other states.

The exclusionary power of eugenic fitness significantly shaped how Americans viewed people with disabilities and chronic illnesses. If the goal of eugenics was to define the normal, fit, and genetically superior individual, then the logical corollary was that anyone who did not meet that standard should be subjected. This made them mostly unsuitable for positions of power.

This understanding has forced politicians with disabilities to go to great lengths in concealing their disabilities from the public. Although many voters were aware of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s battle with polio, Roosevelt went to great lengths to hide his inability to walk and project his strength and manhood – using canes, leg braces and even the Secret Service to ‘walk’ – to avoid being seen as weak, even as opponents launched whisper campaigns declaring he was ‘unfit’ for the presidency. Several of Roosevelt’s successors also hid significant ills: Dwight D. Eisenhower had Crohn’s disease, and public perception of John F. Kennedy’s youthful vigor was only possible because he hid the impact of the disease Addison’s and other medical issues.

But the work of disabled activists in the decades following World War II began to change what was politically possible for the disabled. They protested against ableist ideologies that saw people with disabilities as inherently defective and argued that discriminatory policies needed to change. Energized by other civil rights movements of the 1960s and 1970s, activists forged coalitions with disabled veterans, student activists and other groups, their efforts culminating in lobbyist Patrisha Wright labeled “the golden age of disability rights legislation”, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990.

Massive moral and legal victories, Section 504 and the ADA paved the way for increased accommodations and opportunities for Americans with disabilities to hold office – with more candidates with disabilities appearing on the ballot at every election, especially at the local and state levels. For the first time, the exclusion of people with disabilities in public spaces was considered discrimination and these laws guaranteed the protection of people with disabilities to ensure that they had the same opportunities for employment, education and lodging. This countered eugenicists’ insistence that it would be better for society to separate and sterilize people with disabilities. It also helped potential applicants with disabilities qualify and transformed the way Americans perceived them.

Despite these gains, as disability rights advocate Sarah Blahovec writes, too often applicants with disabilities still face scrutiny, have their autonomy denied or their agency stripped away. Indeed, prejudice, inaccessibility and ableist bias not only prevent people with disabilities from running for office, but studies have indicated that voters tend to follow a “hierarchy of impairments” when determining whether a candidate is eligible to be elected. They disavow applicants who have highly stigmatized conditions or disabilities — such as deafness, blindness, bipolar disorder, cancer or HIV — that they believe might impede their ability to function effectively. Indeed, researchers Lisa Schur and Douglas Kruse reported in 2019 that the percentage of elected officials with disabilities — one in 10, with the most common disabilities being hearing impairment and mobility impairment — remains below nearly 16% of the adult population that is disabled. .

People with disabilities have long fought for inclusive spaces for themselves within society and politics and have challenged ableist assumptions about their lives and worth because they know firsthand that every politics is essentially a disability issue, from jobs and health care to mass incarceration and voting. And they know they can handle any job – as Disability Design Advocate Liz Jackson points out, people with disabilities are the “original hackers”, people who adapt to their circumstances and are forging a path through the world of people with disabilities by creating new objects and pathways that allow them full participation.

These skills—and the unique perspective they provide—help explain why abandoning eugenics-shaped ideas about disability would benefit American society and government. The need for adaptation and accommodation is not a character flaw but an opportunity to examine the world through different perspectives. Seeing the world through these lenses could inject new understandings into our government and produce policies that will collectively benefit us all.

Rather than a disability, disability can be a force to bring new ideas and perspectives to our government. Although John Fetterman’s auditory processing issues may run counter to traditional standards of fitness for function, his candidacy provides us with an opportunity to re-evaluate ideas that are long outdated.

]]> Mavs Business Assist: meet Sameer Ranjan with Catenate https://brainethics.org/2022/11/01/mavs-business-assist-meet-sameer-ranjan-with-catenate/ Tue, 01 Nov 2022 23:22:28 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/11/01/mavs-business-assist-meet-sameer-ranjan-with-catenate/

The Mavs Business Assist program was launched at the start of the 2022-23 basketball season to support 100 diverse entrepreneurs and small business owners who call North Texas home.

The Dallas Mavericks have partnered with The Lonely Entrepreneur to provide program participants with access to the knowledge, tools and support they need to succeed in the Mavs Business Assist (MBA) program.

At the Mavs, we also believe in the power of storytelling, and it is our honor to feature various MBA members throughout the year to highlight their extraordinary achievements.

Every entrepreneur has a story to tell. This is especially true for minority and women-owned businesses, who often have to overcome even more hurdles to see their business succeed. The Dallas Mavs are thrilled to amplify the voices of diverse minority entrepreneurs in the inaugural class of the Mavs Business Assist program. This week we feature Sameer Ranjan.


SAMEER RANJAN
CTO of Catenate Corp.

ABOUT CATENATE
Samir Ranjan refused to follow the model of many people in his small hometown. While most kids grew up to work at the local steel mill, Ranjan aimed higher and dared to dream big.

At school, he flourishes and falls in love with mathematics and science. This passion was his ticket to see the world, and he went on to pass one of the toughest exams in India. This enabled Ranjan to pursue a Bachelor of Technology degree at the Institute of National Importance (NIT Raipur) in India. From there, he landed in Dallas, where his talents as an innovator and entrepreneur were put to work. He also became a well-respected lecturer and guest speaker and one of the founding members of Catenate Corp.

Catenate’s core belief revolves around this quote: “Human behavior can be manipulated or inspired. It is your choice that you make as a leader. The Catenate team has worked on data science, human-centered design, education, psychology, and more.

The cutting-edge company is using AI technology to help hire managers by “removing any bias about color, caste, creed or race from human beings…” and individuals are instead “ judged for their talents and personalities”, creating an inclusive business environment.

Ranjan is more than an entrepreneur. He is an innovator, academic, data scientist, speaker, thought leader and guest speaker and sits on various boards. Above all, he wants to make the world a better place.

He decided to join Mavs Business Assist to increase his product information to a wider net audience and get a chance to grab a funding opportunity by pitching my business proposal to investors.

Mavs.com visited Sameer to find out more about his story and background. Portions of the interview have been edited for clarity and conciseness.

Mavs.com: Before talking about your business or your idea, can you tell us more about your life and your background with our fans? Where did you grow up, go to school and how did you come to this moment?

RANJAN: I grew up in a small town in India. Since childhood, I was told that you had to study hard to get a steady job at a steel mill that happened to be the biggest employer in my town.

Since childhood, I was not interested in following the standard, but I managed to love math and science, which helped me pass one of the toughest exams in India. So I was selected to pursue my Bachelor of Technology in Institute of National Importance (NIT Raipur) in India. I got into college and got my engineering degree being the second highest in the whole university.

After working for a few years in India and founding companies and helping small businesses, I decided to move to the United States to pursue my Masters in Data Science. I graduated from the University of Texas at Dallas with a master’s degree and hope to continue my entrepreneurial journey by submitting a business reopening proposal with a plan for those impacted by COVID-19. I met like-minded people right after school and started creating products to help human development and here I am, working with my team to create a symbiotic world.

Mavs.com: Where does your passion for your business come from?

RANJAN:I was actually the first employee and one of the founding members of our company Catenate Corp. The idea was to help students find who they really are with their personality and what career paths should be aligned with them because we were amazed at the amount of money people spend to do something they dislike and later regret all the money lost.

During this time we have realized that the problem is the same with employees and employers, both are confused as to what is right for them and that is why we have the highest attrition rate in the world right now . We thought of creating a product to help candidates find the right jobs and employers find the right candidates, not only based on resumes, but also on soft skills and employee personality. We succeeded.

I’m passionate about helping people get the right education and the right resources because I’m here solely because of my education. I believe luck is only generated when you have the intellect to back it up. I want to make this world educated and make people more than their resume.

Mavs.com What do you wish more people knew about being an entrepreneur or business owner?

RANJAN: Being an entrepreneur sounds cool, but there is a huge price to pay, it’s endless self-confidence, pride in your team and the endless pressure of work, being said that the freedom and happiness you get from your job is unlike anything else on this planet. I believe there are general challenges but for me personally, I don’t think anyone has turned me down if I asked for help. So I guess the biggest challenge is asking for help.

Mavs.com: What is your vision for your business? How do you hope it impacts others or changes the world?

RANJAN:My vision for my business is to evolve it and make it accessible to everyone. My system for finding the right people for the right seat changes the world’s view of how hiring and talent management works, it has the ability to eliminate any bias about color, caste, creed or race of human beings and they are judged for their talents and personalities rather than anything else. It will have a very positive impact on business by doing something about inclusivity and not just adding it as a program in the business manual.

Mavs.com: Why did you decide to join Mavs Business Assist?

RANJAN: I am looking for a great funding opportunity and a chance to show companies what we have developed. I joined Mavs Business Assist with the aim of increasing my product information to a wider audience and to have a chance at a funding opportunity by pitching my business proposal in front of investors.

Mavs.com: How can people support you? Be bold! What are your needs ?

RANJAN:I want companies to at least try my system to manage their talent and recruiting needs and help me create a bias-free world or at least try to give my self-assessment and get to know you better.

My system costs less than a cup of coffee for an employee for a month and it can bring about radical changes in your organization. I want the chance to show my business to investors who are looking for the next big idea that will change the world. I need newspaper and media attention for my product to make it global and help get my message out to the masses as it is a product to be adopted by the masses.

To learn more, visit the links below:
Website – www.mayamaya.us, www.catenate.io
Contact at +1 9723428570
E-mail: sameer@catenate.io

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2022 General Election: Idaho State House District 21 A | Idaho State Election Coverage https://brainethics.org/2022/10/30/2022-general-election-idaho-state-house-district-21-a-idaho-state-election-coverage/ Sun, 30 Oct 2022 06:40:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2022/10/30/2022-general-election-idaho-state-house-district-21-a-idaho-state-election-coverage/

The description: Members of the Idaho House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are responsible for translating public will into public policy for the state, levying taxes, appropriating public funds, and overseeing the administration of state agencies. These responsibilities are fulfilled through the legislative process — laws passed by elected representatives of the people, legislators.

Josi Christensen

Mike Long

James Petzke

Daniel Weston

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