Brain Ethics http://brainethics.org/ Mon, 21 Jun 2021 17:19:29 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://brainethics.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/brain-ethics-icon-150x150.png Brain Ethics http://brainethics.org/ 32 32 Fight breaks out over grizzly bear living near Wyoming Road https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/fight-breaks-out-over-grizzly-bear-living-near-wyoming-road/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/fight-breaks-out-over-grizzly-bear-living-near-wyoming-road/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 16:58:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/fight-breaks-out-over-grizzly-bear-living-near-wyoming-road/

(News)
– The US Fish and Wildlife Service is asking people to avoid the Togwotee Pass area in Wyoming for the remainder of the month so it can “conduct targeted hazing operations on the 863 grizzly.” USA today reports that the bear, known to locals as “Felicia,” and her two cubs have taken up residence near a 55-mile freeway in Yellowstone and have been repeatedly approached by humans. “When this happens, bears can become aggressive and threaten human security,” says a press release. County 10 reports that the USFWS explains that it will use loud noises and projectiles like paintballs or bean bags – “directed at large areas of fatty tissue – to try to scare bears away. If that doesn’t work. , the remaining options will be to relocate the bears or euthanize them, although the USFWS says euthanasia would be a last resort.

He explains that “if people only stop in legal freeway exits and stay in vehicles, hazing would not be necessary.” But when people go out and approach bears, especially those with cubs, the potential they charge increases sharply, and once they do, a move or euthanasia is required. A Change.org petition goes back harshly on USFWS claims, stating that Felicia has not been aggressive or “sought out human food rewards,” but seems content to eat the clover by the side of the road. “When did it become unacceptable for bears to simply exist near the side of the road in a national forest?” ” he asks. He points out that the move is risky and that at least one of the bears is highly likely to fail. The petition has collected over 40,000 signatures. (Read more stories about grizzly bears.)


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Conference of Catholic Democrats Bishops – OpEd – Eurasia Review https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/conference-of-catholic-democrats-bishops-oped-eurasia-review/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/conference-of-catholic-democrats-bishops-oped-eurasia-review/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 16:20:15 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/conference-of-catholic-democrats-bishops-oped-eurasia-review/

Seems like everyone is lecturing bishops these days.

The latest to do so are 59 Democrats who identify as Catholics. At the head of the charge is the representative Rosa DeLauro. On June 18, she issued a “Declaration of Principles” which reprimands bishops for addressing the issue of Catholic public figures who reject basic Catholic moral teachings; 73% of bishops voted to consider a document on the suitability of these self-identified Catholics to receive Holy Communion.

DeLauro has a long history of telling bishops what to do.

In 2006, she published a “Declaration of Principles”, signed by 55 self-proclaimed Catholic Democrats, affirming that one can be a Catholic in good standing and promote the right to abortion. In 2007, she was one of 18 self-proclaimed Catholic Democrats to criticize Pope Benedict XVI on this subject. In 2015, she led a contingent of 93 self-identified Catholic Democrats explaining to Pope Francis the issues he had to solve when he came to the United States: The right to life was not one of them, but change. climate has made the difference.

In the latest “Declaration of Principles”, DeLauro and his company say they are proud to be part of the Catholic tradition which “expresses a coherent moral framework for life”, adding that they “agree with the Catholic Church on the value of human life. “Yet virtually all of the signatories have a pro-abortion vote record.

DeLauro voted for research on human embryonic stem cells, a process that involves the killing of nascent human life. It opposes human cloning for reproductive purposes against the law. She has consistently voted against banning partial birth abortions and achieved a 100% NARAL score on abortion legislation.

The “Declaration of Principles” expresses dismay at poverty, asserting that better “access to education for all” is needed. Still, DeLauro voted against having to work for able-bodied welfare recipients. In other words, it wants to keep the poor unemployed instead of allowing them to lift themselves out of poverty.
She also voted against every choice of school bills ever proposed, making it laughable for her to suggest that she wants “access to education for all”. In fact, she voted against reauthorizing the Washington DC scholarship program, the initiative that has worked so well for poor African Americans.

DeLauro and his self-identified Catholic Democrats made their biggest media noise saying how hypocritical it is for bishops to focus on abortion and not the death penalty, to which the Catholic Church s ‘opposite. Perhaps it is because they are not equal.

It is estimated that between 1973 and 2019, 61,628,584 innocent children were killed in their mother’s womb. The number of convicted felons who were executed during this period was 1,512.

Curiously, the “Declaration of Principles” encourages “alternatives to abortion”.

But why are alternatives needed if abortion doesn’t kill? Is there something lurking inside these self-identified pro-abortion Catholic Democrats that makes them think? We need to know what it is, because if they do understand that abortion kills innocent human lives, they would easily get away with it if the bishops simply refused them Communion.

Contact DeLauro’s chief of staff, Liz Albertine:[email protected]


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South Carolina dilemma: how to organize a shooting team https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/south-carolina-dilemma-how-to-organize-a-shooting-team/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/south-carolina-dilemma-how-to-organize-a-shooting-team/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 11:25:22 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/south-carolina-dilemma-how-to-organize-a-shooting-team/

Last week, the South Carolina Supreme Court blocked planned executions of two inmates by electrocution, saying they could not be put to death until they had a chance to choose between being electrocuted or being killed by a firing squad – an option that has never been offered in the state before, leaving many people wondering what such an execution would look like, reports the Associated Press.

The executions of the two detainees were scheduled for less than a month after the adoption of a new law, compel “inmates to choose the mode of their execution” if lethal injection drugs are not available.

South Carolina Department of Corrections prison officials have previously said they cannot access lethal injection drugs and have yet to build a group of individuals ready to be part of a firing squad, leaving the 109-year-old electric chair as the only possibility of carrying out death sentences, the Associated press reports.

Lawyers for the two men on death row pleaded legal deposits that the electric chair is “cruel and unusual”, noting that ffrom 1890 to 2010, 84 executions with the electric chair were botched.

Lawyers further noted that men have the right to die by lethal injection given that this is the method they both chose, and that the state of South Carolina has not exhausted all possible methods of obtaining lethal injection drugs, The Associated Press details.

Other states in the country have struggled to obtain lethal injection drugs in recent years as pharmaceutical companies have refused to offer the drugs to any prison system.

Additionally, other correctional facilities have completely stopped using lethal injection cocktails because the three-drug protocol may not render someone unconscious, resulting in excruciating death, according to the Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), a nonprofit advocacy group.

See also: Doubts over lethal injection drugs reignite debate over capital punishment

“The ministry is moving forward with the creation of policies and procedures for a firing squad”, Chrysti shain, spokesperson for the South Carolina Department of Corrections, said Wednesday in a statement, quoted by The Associated Press. “We are looking to other states for guidance throughout this process.”

Shain concluded by saying, “We will notify the court when a firing squad becomes an option for executions.”

Visualize death by the firing squad

South Carolina is just one of four states to offer firing squad as a method of death for death row inmates. South Carolina is joined by Utah, Mississippi and Oklahoma, according to the DPIC.

Even though other states have firing squad, it is not exactly clear how the execution would be carried out in South Carolina. The State details.

Utah is the only state to have carried out executions by firing squad since the reinstatement of the death penalty in the United States in 1976, according to DPIC and The state.

Taking a few notes on how Utah applied this method of the death penalty, many are interested to see what rules and regulations South Carolina would implement.

In Utah, convicted killer Ronnie Lee Gardner was put to death in 2010 after choosing to die by firing squad. Gardner was tied to an execution chair, and a black hood slipped over his head, according to The state.

After Gardner could no longer see, a target was attached to his shirt to indicate the location of his heart. The chair was also surrounded by sandbags so that the fired bullets did not ricochet.

To perform the execution, State describes how five anonymous snipers – volunteers from the Department of Corrections or law enforcement – were armed with .30 caliber rifles. The men stood 25 feet behind a wall with a porthole. One of the shooters was given a rifle with a blank cartridge so no one would know who fired to kill Gardner, State Explain.

SC Corrections Department spokeswoman Shain said the department is still working on developing procedures for carrying out a firing squad execution.

This work can be complicated, Shain said, because “creating a new delivery method is multifaceted and requires deliberate and intentional work to ensure that policies, procedures and infrastructure are appropriate,” such as the city The state.

Shain also told the state that there are several challenges authorities are considering, primarily whether or not to build a whole new facility to safely conduct firing squad executions.

Shain said, however, that one thing is very clear: the team that would carry out the executions will be made up of volunteers from the Department of Corrections.

Further reading: The link between capital punishment, race and police brutality: report


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Some 10,000 refugees fled Myanmar to India and Thailand (UN special envoy) https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/some-10000-refugees-fled-myanmar-to-india-and-thailand-un-special-envoy/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/some-10000-refugees-fled-myanmar-to-india-and-thailand-un-special-envoy/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 06:42:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/some-10000-refugees-fled-myanmar-to-india-and-thailand-un-special-envoy/

About 10,000 refugees have fled Myanmar to India and Thailand as nationwide clashes in the country have resulted in further “acute” displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians, said the Secretary’s special envoy. UN General for Myanmar, warning that the regional threat of the crisis is real.

In my daily contacts with stakeholders in Myanmar, I hear firsthand accounts of the dire situation. People suffer from hardship, have no hope and live in fear, Christine Schraner Burgener, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ special envoy for Myanmar, told the United Nations General Assembly on Friday.

In the absence of international action, civilians form the people’s defense forces, she said. They use homemade weapons and receive military training from ethnic armed organizations in their resistance based on democratic solidarity. Multiple regions of the country that have not experienced armed clashes for decades are becoming areas of significant unrest.

Nationwide clashes, including in central Myanmar and in border areas with China, India and Thailand, have resulted in further acute displacements of an estimated 175,000 civilians, and some 10,000 refugees. fled to India and Thailand. The regional threat of the crisis is real, she said, adding that we must continue to call for maximum restraint and condemn all forms of violence. The risk of a full-scale civil war is real.

Burgener stressed that as the region faces a multidimensional crisis in the heart of Asia, our timely support and action is paramount.

She also stressed that the international community must not forget the Rohingya people as the situation of the Rohingya remains dire and that the General Assembly must continue to be seized of the issue as part of its engagement in Myanmar.

Highlighting the lingering challenges, the Rohingya continue to undertake risky journeys across the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, Burgener said.

The United Nations General Assembly on Friday adopted the draft resolution The Situation in Myanmar with 119 member states, including Myanmar, voting in favor.

Belarus was the only country to vote against the resolution, while 36 countries abstained. Countries that abstained from voting include Myanmar’s neighbors – India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Laos, Nepal and Thailand. Russia also abstained.

India abstained on the General Assembly resolution, saying its views were not reflected in the draft, which did not receive support even from neighboring countries of Myanmar and New Delhi does not think that the hastily tabled resolution be such as “to contribute to our joint efforts to strengthen the democratic process in Myanmar.”

In explaining the vote in the General Assembly Hall, the Permanent Representative of India to the UN, Ambassador TS Tirumurti, said that as Myanmar’s immediate neighbor and close friend of its People, India is aware of the grave consequences of political instability and of the potential for its fallout beyond Myanmar’s borders. India called for greater engagement to resolve all issues peacefully.

We already have such an initiative under the auspices of ASEAN. It is important that we support the efforts of ASEAN. During the discussions on this resolution, we engaged in a spirit of finding a constructive and pragmatic way forward and therefore shared our suggestions with those who piloted this resolution, Tirumurti said.

However, we note that our views have not been reflected in the draft which is currently being considered for adoption. We would like to reiterate that a consultative and constructive approach involving neighboring countries and the region remains important as the international community strives to resolve the issue peacefully, he said.

Tirumurti had stressed that the lack of support from all neighboring countries as well as from several countries in the region itself should hopefully open the eyes of those who have chosen to follow a hasty course.

Therefore, we do not believe that tabling this resolution for adoption at this stage helps to support our joint efforts to strengthen the democratic process in Myanmar. We are therefore forced to abstain, he said.

The resolution expressed deep concern over the February 1 coup and called on the Burmese military junta to immediately and unconditionally release President Win Myint, State Councilor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government officials, politicians and others. people arbitrarily detained or arrested.

He also called on all member states to prevent the influx of arms into Myanmar.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)


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What are monoclonal antibodies and how important are they in the treatment of Covid-19? https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/what-are-monoclonal-antibodies-and-how-important-are-they-in-the-treatment-of-covid-19/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/what-are-monoclonal-antibodies-and-how-important-are-they-in-the-treatment-of-covid-19/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 04:50:19 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/21/what-are-monoclonal-antibodies-and-how-important-are-they-in-the-treatment-of-covid-19/

An experimental cocktail of monoclonal antibodies, REGEN-COV2, has been shown to be a life-saving treatment for some of the most severely affected Covid-19 patients, the results of a clinical trial in the United Kingdom have shown. How important are the results for the management of Covid-19, including in India?

What are monoclonal antibodies?

To fight a viral infection, our body creates proteins called antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies are artificial antibodies that mimic the activity of our immune system. They are produced by a process of extracting specific antibodies from human blood and then cloning them.

These monoclonal antibodies are designed to target a virus or a specific part of a virus – for example, REGEN-COV2 is a cocktail of two monoclonal antibodies developed to target the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Monoclonal antibodies bind to specific parts of the spike protein, blocking its ability to infect healthy cells.

In addition to Covid-19, monoclonal antibodies have been used in the treatment of cancers as well as Ebola and HIV.

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What is their importance in the treatment of Covid-19?

Research during the pandemic has heightened optimism about the ability of monoclonal antibodies to help reduce the risk of hospitalization. Some monoclonal antibodies have been shown to be able to retain activity against several variants of the virus, suggested Dr.Anthony Fauci, chief medical adviser to the US president and director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, at a briefing at the White House on June 3. .

Although they are a crucial and promising part of treatment, monoclonal antibodies also have limitations. So far, these therapies have been most successful in high-risk groups with mild to moderate Covid-19. They are not approved for use in people hospitalized with severe Covid-19 and those requiring oxygen.

Delivering them to the “right patients at the right time” is very important for the greatest benefits, especially in resource-constrained environments, according to Dr D Behera, Padma Shri and former division head of PGIMER’s Respiratory Department. Chandigarh.

Some emerging variants like the ‘variant of interest’ Delta Plus have also shown the ability to override the use of monoclonal antibodies, according to Dr. VK Paul, NITI Aayog health member and chair of the National Expert Panel. on the administration of vaccines against Covid-19.

What does the new study show?

The University of Oxford said last week that its RECOVERY trials found that for hospitalized patients with severe Covid-19 “who have not developed their own natural immune response,” the cocktail of monoclonal antibodies from Regeneron reduced the risk of death by a fifth compared to those who had received standard care. “So for 100 of those patients treated with the combination of antibodies, there would be six fewer deaths,” the university said in a statement.

The therapy reduced hospital stays by four days for patients lacking their own natural immune response. It also reduced their risk of needing a ventilator. However, “no such benefit was observed in the overall study population”, which includes patients who may have developed a natural antibody response.

These results essentially mean that the therapy would be more beneficial for those who have not been able to develop their own antibody response, even if they have developed severe symptoms or have been hospitalized.

With 9,785 participants between September 2020 and May 2021, this is the first trial large enough to determine “definitively” whether this treatment reduces mortality in hospitalized patients with severe Covid-19. This is important, given that this therapy has so far only been approved for mild to moderate Covid patients.

Is this therapy available in India?

REGEN-COV2 is available in India thanks to a partnership between the Swiss pharmaceutical giant Roche and the Indian company Cipla. The therapy, a combination of monoclonal antibodies casirivimab and imdevimab, had received restricted emergency use approval from the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization in May.

In early June, another antibody cocktail therapy – Eli Lilly’s bamlanivimab and etesevimab – received similar emergency approval.

Both cocktails of antibodies are indicated for use in people with mild to moderate Covid-19 who do not need oxygen and are at high risk of progressing to serious illness.

GlaxoSmithKline, which on May 26 announced the US FDA’s emergency use approval for Sotrivimab, is exploring options to make monoclonal antibody therapy available for India.

In India, Zydus Cadila plans to take an antibody cocktail, ZRC-3308, in trials.

Is it expensive?

Such therapies are expensive because they are difficult to perform and take a long time. In India, Cipla supplies 100,000 packs of REGEN-COV2 at a maximum retail price of around Rs 1.20 lakh per pack. With a pack offering a treatment for two patients, the price of a dose for one patient is Rs 59,750, all taxes included.

Eli Lilly is engaged in an “active dialogue” with the Indian government to “donate” his cocktail of antibodies to Covid-19 patients.

Monoclonal antibodies must be made in tissue culture, said Dr Arturo Casadevall, chair of the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. “You have to grow the cells. And those cells have to produce the protein which then has to be purified, ”Dr Casadevall said in the school’s“ Public Health on Call ”podcast on Nov. 2.

How do monoclonal antibodies compare to convalescent plasma therapy?
Last month, India abandoned the use of convalescent plasma as an ‘off-label’ option from its Covid-19 treatment guidelines. Over the past eight months, evidence from trials has shown that it does not have significant benefits in improving patient outcomes.

Compared to plasma, scientists have expressed more confidence in the promise of monoclonal antibodies. The two antibody therapies, they differ in the way they are made.

Convalescent plasma therapy involves delivering antibodies from plasma recovered from a Covid-19 patient. This means that those who receive this therapy will get all the antibodies that the recovered patient has made.

Monoclonal antibodies are the process of taking a specific antibody and mass-producing it in a factory. For antibody cocktails, you provide a combination of two or more of these antibodies.

Monoclonal antibodies are “extremely pure” due to their homogeneous nature, Dr. Fauci told MedPage Today in August. “The difference between monoclonal antibodies and convalescent plasma is (that) the plasma contains a lot of other things, which could lead to allergic and other reactions,” Fauci said. Data from clinical trials of monoclonal antibodies at the time indicated that it was a “very promising form of prevention and treatment,” Dr Fauci said.


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Health Canada warns of shortage of euthanasia products for animals, veterinarian group says not to worry https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/health-canada-warns-of-shortage-of-euthanasia-products-for-animals-veterinarian-group-says-not-to-worry/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/health-canada-warns-of-shortage-of-euthanasia-products-for-animals-veterinarian-group-says-not-to-worry/#respond Sun, 20 Jun 2021 23:52:59 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/health-canada-warns-of-shortage-of-euthanasia-products-for-animals-veterinarian-group-says-not-to-worry/

TORONTO – Health Canada warns there will be a global shortage of drugs for euthanasia for animals due to an explosion at an overseas manufacturing facility, but according to the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA ), pet owners in Canada shouldn’t worry.

Tuesday, Health Canada issued an alert for vets, saying they learned earlier in 2021 that an incident at a manufacturing site would lead to a global shortage of sodium pentobarbital, which is “the active ingredient used in most animal euthanasia products,” explained alert.

“A shortage is expected to impact existing Canadian supply from mid to late 2021 and continue through mid 2022,” the agency said.

“Health Canada is working in collaboration with the Canadian Institute of Animal Health (CAHI), CVMA, drug manufacturers, importers and distributors to mitigate the impact on the veterinary health system and on Canadians in need of care end of life for their animals / pets.

The CVMA told CTVNews.ca in an email that it was aware of the shortage before Health Canada’s public announcement.

“Drug shortages do arise from time to time, so it was no surprise, but given the importance of this particular drug to the welfare of animals in Canada, it immediately became of great concern. ”Said CVMA.

The exact products that are affected include Euthanyl, Euthanyl Forte and Dorminal, all of which are used with “dogs, cats, horses, cattle, laboratory animals and birds,” according to Health Canada. Euthanyl and Euthanyl Forte are also used with mink.

The shortage is worrying because being able to offer euthanasia is an important part of veterinary services.

“Euthanasia is an extremely important aspect of veterinary practice that enables parents of pets and their veterinarians to ensure that a beloved animal has a smooth and painless end of life,” said L ‘CVMA. “It is (a) a special privilege for veterinarians to oversee and manage the euthanasia of an animal and a responsibility that veterinarians take very seriously. “

ICSA also published an alert on the situation at the end of May. They said the manufacturing site needs to recover from the explosion, which occurred in December 2020.

“As this manufacturing site works to restore operations, the shortage of the active ingredient is starting to impact the global supply of euthanasia products,” the statement said.

Health Canada and the CAHI did not provide any further details regarding the explosion. The CAHI is a trade association whose members are responsible for the majority of animal health products sold in Canada.

He instructed Canadian veterinarians to administer only the recommended amount of sodium pentobarbital and order only the amount of euthanasia drugs they would need in their practice, avoiding stockpiling that could exacerbate the shortage for others. veterinarians.

It is an opinion that Health Canada and CVMA have echoed.

The CVMA said it “recommends that veterinarians retain supplies where possible and share supplies with their colleagues, according to regulations, when needed.”

He added that he was working on guidelines for alternative methods of euthanasia that do not use sodium pentobarbital, in case alternatives are needed.

“The CVMA, through an expert advisory committee that includes veterinary pharmacists, anesthesiologists, palliative care experts and species specialists, develops resources and advice on products, methods and protocols that can be used as alternatives to sodium pentobarbital products for euthanasia that will be widely shared. throughout Canada’s veterinary health system, ”they said. on their website.

The CVMA told CTVNews.ca that pet owners “shouldn’t worry” that there may not be a worthy end for their pet.

“Existing supplies of pentobarbital are being managed with caution, other supplies are sought and veterinarians can use alternative methods of euthanasia that are as humane and effective as sodium pentobarbital. “

Health Canada added in its statement that it “is currently evaluating whether alternative euthanasia products authorized abroad could potentially be imported on a temporary basis to alleviate this shortage.”


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Death Row killers must be given the chance to fire https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/death-row-killers-must-be-given-the-chance-to-fire/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/death-row-killers-must-be-given-the-chance-to-fire/#respond Sun, 20 Jun 2021 15:17:09 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/death-row-killers-must-be-given-the-chance-to-fire/

  • A South Carolina court has blocked two executions, saying inmates should be given a choice of firing squad.
  • Brad Sigmon and Freddie Owen were scheduled to be executed by the electric chair this week.
  • The move comes amid a shortage of lethal injections and the state’s revised death penalty law.
  • Visit the Insider homepage for more stories.

Leading South Carolina court blocked two planned executions by electric chair this month, saying inmates cannot be put to death until they have a choice of firing squad.

The decision was made under the new revised state law on capital punishment, which states that the convict must choose between electrocution or firing squad if lethal injections are not available.

Brad Sigmon, who was convicted of murdering his ex-girlfriend’s parents with a baseball bat in 2002, was supposed to be killed on Friday in a 109-year-old electric chair named “Old Sparky.” The Times reported.

Read more: Trump’s barbarism is not only on display on Capitol Hill, he’s also killing the death penalty

The electric chair execution of Freddie Owens, another death row inmate, was scheduled for June 25. Owens was convicted of the murder of a convenience store employee in 1997 and confessed to killing another prisoner upon his conviction.

South Carolina recently amended its death penalty law to resume executions after an involuntary 10-year hiatus the state attributed to failure to obtain the lethal drugs to kill inmates.

It now forces death row inmates to choose between electrocution or firing squad if drugs are not available.

The Electric Chair from South Carolina

South Carolina’s electric chair in Columbia is pictured in this 2019 photo.

Kinard Lisbon / South Carolina Prison Department via AP


“The department is moving forward with creating policies and procedures for a firing squad,” Chrysti Shain, spokesperson for the South Carolina Department of Corrections, said in a statement. according to the Guardian.

“We are awaiting guidance from other states throughout this process. We will notify the court when a firing squad becomes an option for executions,” Shain said.

Lawyers for the two detainees said death from electrocution is cruel and that men should have the right to die by lethal injection. But state lawyers say prison authorities are only enforcing the law.

Prison activists say Sigmon is terrified of being electrocuted. Death Penalty Action’s Alli Sullivan, who spoke to him recently, said in a Facebook post: “He doesn’t know if [he] can take out the horror of [his] the spirit of being fried to death, ”The Times reported.

South Carolina is among eight other states, including Mississippi and Oklahoma, that still use the electric chair during executions, according to the Information Center on the Death Penalty. Three other states allow death by firing squad.

There are currently 37 prisoners awaiting the death penalty in South Carolina, which saw its last execution in 2011.


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How plastic surgery trends have been affected by our fascination with ethnic ambiguity https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/how-plastic-surgery-trends-have-been-affected-by-our-fascination-with-ethnic-ambiguity/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/how-plastic-surgery-trends-have-been-affected-by-our-fascination-with-ethnic-ambiguity/#respond Sun, 20 Jun 2021 12:00:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/20/how-plastic-surgery-trends-have-been-affected-by-our-fascination-with-ethnic-ambiguity/

“American standards of Asian origin follow Western beauty standards, but more closely: more contouring, more highlights, bigger, better,” shares Christine. “Whether it’s the cheeks or the jaw, the breasts or the buttocks, everything is very sculpted… [The Asian look] is young and distinguished, sort of fading away as much as possible. “

The procedure that connects the beauty ideals of East and West Asia, apparently, is the nose job. Certified New York Facial Plastic Surgeon Edward S. Kwak specializes in rhinoplasty for Asian patients, in which he says “treatments are done to treat an ill-defined tip and bridge.” In effect, this creates a higher bridge and a more traditionally Eurocentric nose shape. However, Kwak says that in his 15 years of practice, he has seen the globalization of beauty with “more of a mix of beauty standards between the eastern and western face.”

“I often have patients who come with pictures of their ideal goals. In the past, models [in the photos] biased more towards traditional western beauty, “Kwak says.” Now I see a lot more interest in eastern cosmetic surgery, even among my non-Asian patients. “

Social media and unrealistic expectations

Plastic surgeon certified by the Orange County Board of Directors Goretti Ho Taghva opened her clinic in part because she felt plastic surgery did not represent her own “beauty ideals” as an Asian woman. Classical medical training, she says, is “heavily based on Caucasian anatomy which in many cases is not applicable to treating Asian faces.” A few years ago, she noticed an influx of celebrity-influenced Asian patients who wanted “exaggerated features” like large eyelid folds, high nose bridges, and fuller foreheads (achieved by fat transfer). Taghva is particularly uncomfortable with some of his patients’ expectations: huge eyes, button-down nose, and perfectly full mouth informed by photoshopped social media posts filtered through third-party apps.

“[Beauty camera] apps like Meitu have made some of the beauty ideals unattainable, and sometimes quite strange in my opinion, “says Taghva.” What makes me most anxious is the patients who have a bad self-image but also unrealistic expectations. “

Beverly Hills Plastic Surgery experiences similar demands. “Something that comes up often too is anime: big cartoon eyes, a shaved face and translucent skin,” notes Christine. Gabriel adds that while social media has reinforced the desire for “refinements” instead of major surgery, “flicking through your phone there are a lot of filters that are very unreasonable.”

Gabriel unveils the logic of cosmetic improvement with each of his patients. Christine says he often reminds her of a “therapist” in her attempts to determine whether her patients are seeking an adjustment to actually benefit their mental and physical health, or just follow a trend. In the case of the “fox-eye” look, Gabriel tries to dissuade those consulted, fearing that the trend will not last. “If this seemed like something that was going to stick around as a beauty enhancement, I would do it for this patient,” he says.

Eurasian face fetishization

Every doctor we’ve spoken to notes that the dominant change in their patients – Asian or otherwise – is age. As procedures have become less invasive and social media has lessened their stigma, the Young generation seeks both to delay aging and, specifies Gabriel, to better “refine” their features. Specifically, a new jawbone obsession has arrived – and nowhere is this more evident than on TikTok. Along with increased interest in gua sha and treatments like Kybella (which reduces the appearance of a double chin), Kwak says that among his clientele, he has seen an increase in the number of Asian American patients in 20s and 30s seeking to reduce facial jowls and eliminate oral fat under cheekbones to shape the face by a heart shape (for reference of a heart-shaped face, see Bella hadid).




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Animal shelters see increase in puppy and kitten numbers as foster families step up https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/animal-shelters-see-increase-in-puppy-and-kitten-numbers-as-foster-families-step-up/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/animal-shelters-see-increase-in-puppy-and-kitten-numbers-as-foster-families-step-up/#respond Sat, 19 Jun 2021 14:00:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/animal-shelters-see-increase-in-puppy-and-kitten-numbers-as-foster-families-step-up/

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San Antonio animal shelters and rescue organizations see a bumper crop of kittens and puppies this summer, and the city’s network of foster care and pet adoption has felt the pressure this month -this.

Last week, San Antonio Pets Alive (SAPA), a group that works closely with San Antonio Animal Care Services, made a particularly urgent appeal via social media and emails pleading with residents for them. helping with the influx of puppies, some of which were at risk of being euthanized.

“We were extremely pleased with the response we received last week,” said Alexis Moore, SAPA Marketing Director. “The community has really grown stronger and we have received hundreds of applicants for foster families and adopters. These puppies really touched people’s hearts.

With all the new applicants, SAPA was able to adopt 53 dogs and cats last week and now has 713 foster home pets.

While the risk of puppy euthanasia may have caught the attention of animal lovers in San Antonio last week, faced with the possibility that animals are euthanized is only a daily reality for SAPA staff.

“We’re the last chance for a lot of these animals entering animal care departments,” Moore said.


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JACKSON: Lack of staff prolongs the lives of death row inmates | Notice https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/jackson-lack-of-staff-prolongs-the-lives-of-death-row-inmates-notice/ https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/jackson-lack-of-staff-prolongs-the-lives-of-death-row-inmates-notice/#respond Sat, 19 Jun 2021 13:00:00 +0000 https://brainethics.org/2021/06/19/jackson-lack-of-staff-prolongs-the-lives-of-death-row-inmates-notice/

When we hear that companies cannot reopen or expand their services due to a shortage of candidates, it is not a good thing. Not for the business, economy, tax body or end user. This is not the case for a few guys in South Carolina. The lack of employees works in their favor.

Because the state of SC cannot hire the necessary workers, Brad Sigmon and Freddie Owens will live a little longer. Both men are on death row and were due to be executed this month. But, the state cannot hire enough people to fill a firing squad.

The state recently reinstated the firing squad as a form of execution with electrocution and lethal injection. South Carolina’s highest court has ruled that their impending executions will be postponed until a firing squad is in place. The SC law provides that death row inmates must be given the opportunity to choose how they choose to be put to death.

The state is not in a position to put people to death by lethal injection because there is a shortage of drugs. There was no more drug in 2013. It is not conclusive that the shortage of lethal injection drugs is caused by pharmaceutical production or litigation. Executions in some states are suspended because the real ingredients of the drugs are not available to the public. Supporters of a gentler, more humane way of killing the state want to know the names of the drug producers and the chemicals used in order to avoid botched executions that could cause undue suffering to convicts. Some states keep this information secret from the public.

This drug shortage left SC with only one form of capital punishment available. Electrocution has been used by SC’s Corrections Department since 1912. This drug shortage, real or imagined, forced the state to reinstate the firing squad method last month.

Without lethal injection or the possibility of a firing squad, Brad Sigmon, a 63-year-old murderer who was convicted in 2001 of killing his ex-girlfriend’s parents with a baseball bat, had his execution scheduled for June 18 delayed.

Freddie Owens, 43, was convicted of the 1997 murder of a convenience store clerk. His June 25 death date was also postponed due to the state’s no-option loophole. The two killers have exhausted all their remedies. The issue of delayed firing squad staffing also bodes well for the nearly 40 other death row inmates from 39 SC.

The time it will take to assemble a firing squad in SC is unknown. There isn’t a lot of information on how a death squad is formed. It must be assumed that each member is a qualified rifleman. They will at least have the ability to hit a target within 30 yards. How much psychological practice and training is available? And finally, what does compensation and benefits contain?

While the method of firing squad death has been characterized as outdated and even uncivilized, it has a distinct advantage over death by drugs, gas, or electricity. Those killed by a bullet to the heart may have quality vital organs that can be donated to save lives. There is no risk of contamination. If organ donation by executed convicts becomes a trend, death by hanging could also be an option.

Besides South Carolina, five other states use the firing squad method of execution: Utah, Wyoming, Missouri, Arkansas, and Mississippi.

Coincidentally, all six states have decided to end additional unemployment benefits this summer. Will the absence of the extra $ 300 per week of unemployment increase the pool of sniper candidates? Curious minds of death row inmates in firing squad states may want to know.


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